Name: Saxifrage femur – Lomikamenevy femur (veterinary practice)
Saxifrage femur – pimpinella saxifraga l.
Popular names: tooth root, heart grass.
Botanical characteristic. Umbrella family. Perennial odorous herbaceous plant with a spindle-shaped root. The stem is branched, erect, finely ribbed, hollow inside, branched, up to 60 cm high. Basal leaves are pinnate, stem pinnatipartite. The flowers are small white, rarely pink.
Blooms in July – August.
Spreading. Grows in weedy places, on upland meadows, in light pine forests, along forest edges in almost the entire forest and forest-steppe zones of the USSR.
Medicinal raw materials. Roots and rhizomes are used. They are dug up in early spring or autumn, washed, cut into pieces and dried in the shade. After drying, the roots have a pungent odor and a bitter taste.
Chemical composition. Tannins, essential oils, saponins, bitter substances, resins, gums, furocoumarins were found in the roots.
pharmacological properties. Saponins, essential oils and tannins determine the expectorant, astringent, diaphoretic, anti-inflammatory and enveloping effect of thigh products.
Application. Alcohol tinctures and aqueous decoctions of the root are prescribed orally for catarrhs of the upper respiratory tract (cough, bronchitis) and stomach, as well as a diuretic. Dose of decoction for calves: 1/2 g of a glass per day. It is prepared at the rate of 15 g of crushed rhizomes and roots per 300 ml of water. The raw material is placed in a glass or enamel bowl, poured with the required amount of water, covered with a lid, boiled for 10 minutes, then insisted in a sealed container for 8 hours, filtered, squeezed out the raw material and added to the original volume with boiled water. Store in a cool dark place for no more than 2 days.