Name: Aloe tree – scarlet tree-like (harvesting and storage)
Aloe tree (agave) – Aloe arborescens . The Ukrainian name is scarlet tree-like, stolіtnik.
Liliaceae family – Liliaceae.
For medicinal purposes, leaves and side shoots are used.
Under natural conditions, the plant is widely distributed in the semi-desert regions of South and East Africa. In the USSR, it is cultivated in Central Asia and Transcaucasia as a medicinal plant. Widely distributed throughout the room culture.
Aloe arborescens is an evergreen perennial succulent plant. Stem erect, branched; Leaves are amplexicaul, alternate, large, fleshy, xiphoid-elongated with prickly margins and dull bloom. The flowers are orange-yellow, elongated, tubular in shape, with a simple corolla 6-toothed within the flower cluster, collected in an apical, elongated, conical brush.
In room culture, due to the lack of favorable conditions, it does not bloom often.
In medicine, aloe juice is used, from which, by evaporation, sabur is obtained, which is hardened, brittle pieces of black-brown color with a slight odor and an extremely bitter taste. Sabur contains laxative anthraglycosides and resinous substances. Fresh juice is rich in enzymes, vitamins and has a bactericidal effect. A liquid aqueous extract as a biogenic stimulant is prepared according to the method of Academician V.P. Filatov, keeping the cut young leaves for 12 days in the dark at a low temperature.
Sabur is used as a laxative (for chronic constipation), for gastritis, it stimulates appetite, improves digestion, a liquid aqueous extract is used subcutaneously in tissue therapy as a biogenic stimulant for eye and general diseases; fresh juice – externally in the treatment of purulent wounds, inflammatory skin diseases, burns, skin lesions during radiation therapy.