Strong aconite (Aconitum firmum); aconite is strong
A perennial herbaceous plant of the family of sedum. The roots are thickened like a turnip. The stem is erect, mostly simple, bare, 75-125 cm tall. The leaves are petiolate, pinnate, rounded, with wide wedge-rhombic segments. The flowers are zygomorphic, 18-25 mm long, dark purple, in branched racemes. The fruit is collective, from leaves. Blooms in July – August.
Spread. Occurs in the Carpathians on mountain meadows and rocky slopes.
Procurement and storage. Root tubers (Tuber Asoniti) collected in autumn are used. From 4 kg of raw root tubers, 1 kg of dry ones are obtained. In folk medicine, in addition to this, grass (Herba Aconiti) harvested before the plant blooms is used. Raw materials are dried in the shade: in attics or under tents. Store in well-ventilated areas.
The plant is unofficial .
Chemical composition. Root tubers of Aconite contain alkaloids (1.2-3.4%), organic acids, coumarins (0.3%), starch. Alkaloids include aconitine (0.6%), aconifine, acetylzongorin, acetylzonhoramine, acetylnapeline, zongorin, zongoramine, isoboldine, caracolin, caracolidine, neoline, norzongorin, napelin, phenyl-B-naphthylamine. Alkaloids, flavonoids, ascorbic acid, etc. have been found in aerial organs.
Pharmacological properties and use. Strong aconite has a pronounced pain-relieving effect. Antimicrobial and antitumor properties of the plant have also been revealed. Externally in the form of an ointment or internally in the form of a tincture, strong Aconite is used as a pain reliever for rheumatism, neuralgia, migraine, toothache and other diseases. In traditional medicine, aconite is also used for pulmonary tuberculosis, colds, and sciatica. It is also known to be used for malignant neoplasms (internally and externally).
Medicinal forms and applications. Aconite strong in the form of a tincture is used under the supervision of a doctor and under his personal responsibility. According to Bulgarian scientists, the therapeutic dose of aconitine, as the most toxic alkaloid, is 0.02-0.03 mg 2-3 times a day. When harvesting, storing and using Aconite strong (as well as other aconites), you should remember that this is a deadly poisonous plant! At the first signs of poisoning (feeling of numbness of the tongue, face and whole body, burning in the chest and abdomen, nausea, vomiting), it is necessary to immediately call an ambulance and provide first aid to the victim
Deadly poisonous plant!