Cystoadenopapilloma is a benign tumor originating from the ducts of the mammary gland. There are multiple and single (solitary) cystoadenopapillomas.
Not clearly established.
The main manifestation is discharge from the nipple – serous (transparent) and bloody discharge. Rarely, with large volumes, the tumor can be palpated.
The examination includes ultrasound, mammography, cytological examination of discharge from the nipple. Additionally, mammography with contrast may be prescribed (injection of a contrast agent into the ducts of the mammary glands).
Single or multiple cystadenopapillomas are associated with an increased risk of developing breast cancer. Cystoadenopapilloma can become malignant and turn into breast cancer. This does not always happen.
In this regard, treatment of these tumors is recommended. Surgical intervention is recommended for suspected malignancy, expressed in any of the methods of examination. In the absence of evidence for rebirth, observation can be made. Surgery is traditionally performed under general anesthesia and involves the removal of breast tissue where the papilloma is located.
Previously, operations were performed with the removal of the nipple, which inevitably led to a cosmetic defect. Currently, surgical interventions are performed with the preservation of the nipple (resection of the central zone). If the tumor is located outside the central zone of the mammary gland, a standard sectoral resection is performed. If a malignant tumor is detected, a radical intervention is performed – a mastectomy or an organ-preserving intervention.