Cervicitis is an inflammation of the lining of the cervix.
Varieties of cervicitis
Causes of cervicitis
The causative agents of inflammation of the endocervix can be gonococci, staphylococci, streptococci, intestinal flora, chlamydia, etc.; chlamydia, trichomonas, viruses, fungi (candidiasis), mycoplasmas can penetrate into the cervical canal.
The penetration of viruses is facilitated by erosion of the cervix, rupture of the cervix during childbirth, trauma to the cervix during abortion, disease of the female genital organs (inflammation of the vagina, uterus, ovaries, etc.).
The main symptoms of cervicitis
It can proceed without complaints, sometimes women note leucorrhoea, mucous or purulent, pain in the lower abdomen is not often found. The presence of other symptoms is traditionally associated with concomitant diseases (urethritis, endometritis, salpingoophoritis, etc.).
Treatment of cervicitis
It should be carried out strictly under the supervision of a physician, as there is a risk of relapse. The treatment complex includes the elimination of concomitant diseases and predisposing factors. In the acute form of the disease, antibiotics, bed rest are prescribed, in the chronic form – physiotherapy, electrophoresis. For postmenopausal cervicitis, estrogen-containing creams or ointments may be used. Infectious cervicitis requires mandatory treatment of the sexual partner and the use of barrier methods of contraception.
Prevention of cervicitis
Proper management of childbirth, timely restoration of the cervix when it breaks, prevention of abortion.