A chalazion (popularly called “cholazion”, “chalazion”, “hailstone”) is a small swelling of the eyelid caused by blockage of the modified sebaceous (meibomian) gland of the eyelid. Chalazions can appear on both eyelids, causing redness, swelling, and tenderness in some cases.
- protruding edematous bump on the upper and/or lower eyelids;
- local redness;
- susceptibility to touch or mild pain even without touching.
Patients often seek help after the onset of soreness and redness in the chalazion area. The doctor will make a diagnosis with a simple examination of the eyelids.
In the early stages of development, chalazion can be treated at home by repeated application of dry warm compresses for 15–20 minutes, followed by a gentle eyelid massage. These treatments reduce inflammation and relieve discomfort. However, if the chalazion does not shrink or recurs, it may be necessary to inject anti-inflammatory products into the chalazion area, instill antibiotic drops, and even surgically remove it.