Fractures are the general name for a violation of the integrity of the bones as a result of their damage.
There are congenital fractures that occur as a result of a decrease in the strength of the skeleton from various diseases.
Acquired fractures appear as a result of a force load on the bone that exceeds the strength of the bone tissue. It is obvious that a traumatic fracture occurs with blows, falls, gunshot wounds and other effects of excessive simultaneous force. A pathological fracture occurs from loads of small force and even arbitrarily, since diseases such as a tumor, osteomyelitis, some endocrine diseases, etc. greatly reduce the strength of bone tissues.
For traumatic and pathological fractures, the same first aid is provided. Bone fractures are accompanied by damage to the integrity of the surrounding muscles, soft tissues, blood vessels and nerves. If the fracture also caused damage to the skin, then it is called open.
There are also oblique, transverse and longitudinal fractures, depending on the line of passage of the fracture. When a fracture consists of a broken bone in two, it is called a simple fracture. There are also comminuted and multi-comminuted fractures when several fragments separated from the bone occur. When there are a lot of such fragments, the fracture is classified as fragmented.
Often the bone does not break completely, forming a crack. This is an incomplete break. With a complete fracture, the bone can move in different directions. Usually this is not so much from a blow, but from muscle contraction as a result of an injury.
Of course, there are cases of complete fractures that are not accompanied by displacement of the damaged bone, but they are relatively rare.
Incomplete fractures are observed mainly in children. In older people, coordination of movements is impaired and bone strength is reduced, so complete fractures occur quite often.
Separately, compression fractures are distinguished, in which the bone is flattened, but not separated. Very fragile long tubular bones (humerus, ulna, radius, femur tibia), so they are subject to fractures more often than other bones.
Articles from the forum on the topic ” Fractures “
of course fracture
a crack only after 50 is dangerous, however, like a fracture. worse than a fracture
Crack worse! heal harder)
a fracture is natural, but if you have a crack, do not try to break your arm!
depending on what fracture and what crack