Osteoarthritis is a disease in which degenerative changes appear in the articular cartilage. Unlike arthritis, inflammation in the joint is unstable and mild. There are primary and secondary osteoarthritis (with dysplasia of the joints and bones, joint injuries, ochronosis, hypothyroidism).

Symptoms and course

Depends on the location of the disease. The joints of the first toe, knee, hip, and interphalangeal joints of the hands are most often affected, others are less common. Patients complain of pain during movement and swelling in the area of ​​the joints, its thickening and deformity, limited mobility in it. Changes in blood and urine parameters for osteoarthritis are uncharacteristic.


First of all, correction of orthopedic defects, weight loss. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (indomethacin, orthophene, naproxen) are taken for pain, intra-articular injections of glucocorticoids only for synovitis. Therapeutic exercise, physiotherapy procedures. With persistent dysfunction of the joint – surgical treatment.

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