Ovaricocele – varicose veins of the ovaries.

Varicose veins of the ovarian (ovarian) veins in the medical literature are most often considered as a concomitant change in diseases of the female genital area. However, ovarovaricocele can be one of the causes of ovarian dysfunction with a delay or cessation of follicle growth, a change in their size, degenerative-dystrophic changes in the ovaries, which is manifested by psychomotor and sexual disorders.

Varieties of ovarovaricocele

    • descending – retrograde venous discharge occurs along the dilated gonadal vein due to renal venous hypertension. With this option, the mechanism of varicocele first of all occurs in the venous system of the ovary, more often the left, which is associated with the peculiarities of angioarchitectonics, and then – the uterus and vagina;
    • ascending , the occurrence of which is due to various obstetric and gynecological diseases. Abundant blood supply to the genital organs indicates the development of the venous network. It should be assumed that pregnancy, childbirth, especially severe, with an injured birth canal, rapid delivery of a large fetus, abortion with infection, and adnexitis cause morphological vascular and hormonal disorders.

The main symptoms of ovarovaricocele

With descending ovarovaricocele , signs of renal disease with urinary syndrome (proteinuria, hematuria) initially predominate, then gynecological manifestations join them.

With ascending ovarovaricocele , gynecological and reproductive abnormalities come to the fore, and urological symptoms are detected later.

Regardless of the genesis of ovarovaricocele, the most common symptom of the disease was pain in the lower abdomen, menstrual irregularities, excessive hair growth of the skin, and probably infertility.

Problems of diagnosis and treatment of pelvic varicose veins is that patients with this pathology “absent” or “minimally expressed” visible gynecological pathology.

Treatment of ovarovaricocele

Varicose veins is a chronic disease that significantly reduces the quality of life of patients. With varicose ovarian veins (ovariovaricocele) in gynecological practice, surgical methods of treatment are justified. Meanwhile, surgical methods of treatment are always associated with the risk of the operation itself and postoperative complications, and are not always effective.

In some cases, conservative treatment of the disease is also likely, according to which the following tasks will need to be solved:

    • Normalize venous tone.
    • Improve venous hemodynamics in the pelvis, blood and lymph flow.
    • Improve the course of trophic processes in the tissues of the small pelvis.

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