Uterine bleeding (metrorrhagia)

Uterine bleeding (metrorrhagia) is uterine bleeding that differs from the traditional menstruation in a woman. Metrorrhagia is not cyclical, bleeding can occur at any time of the intermenstrual period, at any age.

Types of uterine bleeding

They are divided into bleeding in juvenile age, in childbearing age and in menopause. In girls, they are traditionally associated with dysfunction of the hypothalamus-pituitary-ovarian system. In women of childbearing age, dysfunctional uterine bleeding is more often caused by inflammatory diseases of the genital organs, in the menopausal period – a violation of the regulation of menstrual function.

Causes of uterine bleeding

Metrorrhagia is observed in many diseases of the genital organs (polyps of the mucous membrane of the cervix and uterine body, submucosal fibromyoma, cancer of the cervix and uterine body, sarcoma, internal adenomyosis, chorionepithelioma, hormone-producing ovarian tumors, cervical erosion, basal endometritis, etc.). Also, metrorrhagia can occur in connection with congestive hyperemia of the pelvic organs (retrodeviation of the uterus), with pathological processes in the female genital region (cancer, varicose rupture, ulcerative colpitis, etc.), with some common diseases (hypovitaminosis C, hypertension, disease heart, lungs, endocrine system, etc.) and with many complications of pregnancy (abortion, ectopic pregnancy, cystic drift, etc.).

Treatment of uterine bleeding

With uterine bleeding, a woman must be in bed. The lower part of the patient’s body should be raised by 25-30 cm, the head end of the bed should be slightly lowered. A cold compress should be applied to the lower abdomen.

Treatment is reduced to the treatment of the underlying disease, a symptom of which is metrorrhagia.

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