Dermoid cysts (mature teratomas) are benign tumors consisting of various body tissues in the stage of complete differentiation (skin, adipose tissue, hair, nervous tissue, bones, teeth), enclosed in a mucus-like mass, and covered with a dense thick-walled capsule. The tumor is traditionally unilateral, grows slowly, does not reach large sizes. It is found, as a rule, in young women and girls in puberty.
Clinical manifestations are due to the size of the tumor. Tumor pedicle torsion often occurs, accompanied by symptoms of an acute abdomen. With a two-handed gynecological examination, the dermoid cyst is palpated laterally and anteriorly from the uterus.
Treatment: removal of the tumor, leaving healthy ovarian tissue.
The prognosis is favorable.