Dermoid cysts (mature teratomas)

Dermoid cysts (mature teratomas) are benign tumors consisting of various body tissues in the stage of complete differentiation (skin, adipose tissue, hair, nervous tissue, bones, teeth), enclosed in a mucus-like mass, and covered with a dense thick-walled capsule. The tumor is traditionally unilateral, grows slowly, does not reach large sizes. It is found, as a rule, in young women and girls in puberty.

Clinical manifestations are due to the size of the tumor. Tumor pedicle torsion often occurs, accompanied by symptoms of an acute abdomen. With a two-handed gynecological examination, the dermoid cyst is palpated laterally and anteriorly from the uterus.

Treatment: removal of the tumor, leaving healthy ovarian tissue.

The prognosis is favorable.

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