Thyroiditis

Thyroiditis

Thyroiditis is an inflammation of the thyroid gland that can be acute, subacute, or chronic.

    • Classification
    • Acute thyroiditis is caused by hematogenous introduction of pathogens of purulent infection or their penetration from the nasopharynx; not often observed. Treatment: antibiotic therapy and surgical drainage.
    • Subacute thyroiditis – see Subacute thyroiditis.
    • Chronic thyroiditis
    • Autoimmune thyroiditis – see Chronic autoimmune thyroiditis
    • Fibrous thyroiditis (struma Ridla ) . Fibrous connective tissue replaces normal thyroid tissue and extends to surrounding structures. Surgery is indicated to rule out cancer and reduce compression of the trachea. Seen not often
    • Specific thyroiditis

(tuberculous, syphilitic, septicomycosis). They don’t see it often. As a rule, treatment of the underlying disease leads to the cure of specific thyroiditis.

    • Painless thyroiditis (silent thyroiditis, lymphocytic thyroiditis with spontaneous resolution of hyperthyroidism) is a syndrome similar in some features to subacute or chronic thyroiditis. Like subacute, painless thyroiditis is associated with transient, self-limiting hyperthyroidism, often with thyroid enlargement and low radioactive iodine uptake. As in chronic, with painless thyroiditis, lymphocytic infiltration of the thyroid gland occurs. Detection of antithyroid antibodies is possible.

See also Subacute thyroiditis, Chronic autoimmune thyroiditis ICD. E06 Thyroiditis

 

 

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