Spinal cord compression

Spinal cord compression

Spinal cord compression is a combination of neurological symptoms caused by displacement and deformation of the substance of the spinal cord by some volumetric formation or a displaced vertebra in spinal cord injury. The reasons

    • Anterior compression: the body of a broken or dislocated vertebra, bone fragments, prolapsed fragments of the intervertebral disc
    • Posterior compression due to a broken vertebral arch or torn ligamentum flavum, foreign body
    • Internal compression: hematomyelia (see Hematomyelia), detritus in the focus of softening with edema-swelling of the spinal cord
    • In the late period: cicatricial adhesions, arachnoid cysts or adhesions, epiduritis, abscess.

Clinical picture (similar to that of a spinal cord injury)

    • There is no period of a light gap, a gross neurological deficit develops at the time of injury
    • There is no primary destruction of the substance of the spinal cord. Dysfunction occurs largely due to circulatory disorders of the spinal cord
    • Spinal Cord Conduction Disorder Syndrome
    • Flaccid paresis

or muscle paralysis with areflexia

    • Lack of sensation below damage level
    • Disorder of the functions of the pelvic organs
    • Segmental disorders (depending on the level of the lesion).


    • Lumbar puncture with the study of the patency of the subarachnoid space and the registration of partial or complete blockade of the CSF tract
    • Spondylography (radiography of the spine in 2 projections) – displacement of the vertebrae or their fragments and deformation of the spinal canal
    • CT, MRI, myelography.

Surgical treatment. The amount of intervention depends on the level and nature of the compression.


    • With timely and adequate treatment, the restoration of lost functions is likely, the likelihood of self-service
    • In most cases, compression of the spinal cord causes disability of patients, a permanent loss of work capacity. Complications
    • Neurotrophic (pressure sores, gastrointestinal disorders, thermoregulation)
    • Purulent-inflammatory (meningitis, epiduritis, paravertebral abscess).

Synonym. Spinal cord compression

See also Injury of the spinal cord, Contusion of the spinal cord, ICD. G95.2 Compression of spinal cord, unspecified



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