Horseradish is a perennial plant that belongs to the Cruciferae family (Cruciferae). Other names: peasant mustard, meat grass, pepper root, forest radish.
Perennial with a thick longish fleshy root; stem glabrous, straight, strong, branched, densely leafy, over 1 m in height; the leaves are serrated along the edge, the lower ones are pinnatipartite, petiolate, the middle ones are oblong-lanceolate, sessile, the upper ones are linear. The flowers are white, with 4 sepals and petals, with 6 stamens, collected in racemes at the tops of the stem and its branches; fruits – pods, oblong-oval, swollen, shorter than pedicels. It is bred in gardens. In the wild, it is found near residential areas.
Contains active substances:
Horseradish root contains sinigrin glycoside, essential oil, lyzazyme in fresh juice, vitamin C.
Root juice with honey or sugar is taken for liver disease; juice mixed with denatured alcohol is rubbed with rheumatism; from aching bones; the root boiled with beer and juniper berries is used for dropsy. It is used in homeopathy.