Dill fragrant, garden

Dill fragrant, garden (Anethum graveolens L.)

Dill fragrant, garden – an annual plant representing the family Umbelliferae (Umbelliferae).


An annual naked plant with a spicy smell; thin root; stem straight, branched, with narrow whitish stripes; leaves repeatedly pinnatisected, with linear-filamentous lobules; small yellowish flowers are collected in multi-beam complex umbrellas, devoid of wrappers and wrappers; fruit – 2 semi-fruits, ovoid, compressed from the back, ribbed. Blooms in June – July.

Harvesting, description of raw materials:

In medicine, the entire aerial part of the plant, collected during flowering, is used – Herba Anethi. Ripe fruits are also collected – Fructus Anethi. Drying is done in the shade.

Contains active substances:

All parts of the plant contain essential oil, which includes ketone carvone (dextrorotatory isomer), dillapiol and limonene, flavonol – kaempferol.

Medicinal use:

Dill herb is used as an infusion for hypertension I and II degree. From the fruits, the product “Anetin” is prepared, which has an antispasmodic effect. Popular use: a decoction of the fruits is given to children with dyspepia, diarrhea, abdominal pain, liver disease, high blood pressure; a decoction of herbs and fruits – with inflammation of the bladder, a decoction of fruits is given to drink to cattle with bloody urine.

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