Yarrow (Achillea millefolium L.)

Yarrow is a perennial herbaceous plant of the Compositae family. Other names: bloodstone, bloodstone, sickle, sickle cutter


Perennial herbaceous plant with creeping rhizome and underground shoots developing large basal leaves; stem 20-70 cm in height, erect or ascending, simple or slightly branched at the top, densely leafy, like the whole plant, pubescent with protruding hairs. The leaves are lanceolate in outline, repeatedly finely pinnately dissected into 15-30 lobes, which in turn are incised into linear lobules ending in soft spines. Baskets in dense corymbose apical inflorescences, small, oval, with five marginal pistillate flowers, the tongue of which is rounded, white or slightly pinkish; inner flowers few tubular, bisexual, white. Achenes 1.5-2 mm long, without pappus. The plant is fragrant. Blooms from June to October. Yarrow grows in dry meadows, edges of fields, on fallow lands, along the roads, through the bushes. A common, common plant.

Harvesting, description of raw materials:

In medicine, the tops of flowering plants called “yarrow herb” – Herba Millefolii, less often leaves – Folium Millefolii and baskets – Flores Millefolii are used. During flowering, the tops of flowering plants are collected, cutting off the plants by about half, or individual flower baskets; leaves are harvested before flowering, at which time they are well developed and form a basal rosette. Dry in the shade under a canopy, in attics or in a well-ventilated area. The smell of raw materials is fragrant, the taste is bitter or slightly astringent.

Contains active substances:

Yarrow herb contains blue essential oil in leaves and inflorescences, from which chamazulene, vitamin K, bitterness and traces of achillein alkaloid are isolated.

Medicinal use:

In medicine, it is used in the form of an infusion and liquid extract as a hemostatic agent for internal (intestinal, uterine, hemorrhoidal) and external (nose, wound) bleeding, for diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, as an appetite stimulant and improves digestion. It is proved that the leaves have a hemostatic effect; flower baskets are devoid of this property and therefore it is advisable to use only leaves for the preparation of hemostatic products. In folk medicine, fresh young leaves are ground to obtain cell juice and put into the nostrils or applied to a bleeding wound to stop nasal or parenchymal bleeding. Hence the popular name of the plant is the bloodstone, or sickle cutter. In addition, lotions are made from the decoction of the herb for external wounds, they drink a decoction of the herb for internal bleeding,

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