Common lilac

Common lilac (Syringa vulgaris L.)

Common lilac is an ornamental shrub from the olive family (Oleaceae).


A well-known ornamental shrub 3-6 m tall or higher, sometimes a tree with a wide crown. The leaves are opposite, ovate, long-pointed at the apex, heart-shaped at the base, entire, petiolate. Flowers purple, white or other colors, fragrant, in dense pyramidal panicles. Blooms in May. Often bred in gardens and parks, within housing, everywhere.

Contains active substances:

Lilac flowers contain phenoglycoside syringin, syringopicrin, essential oil, farnesol, the bark contains syringin.

Medicinal use:

They use mainly white lilac, but they also use lilac. The flowers are brewed as tea and drunk for malaria, pony, “noise in the head”, stomach ulcers, cough, whooping cough, shortness of breath, leucorrhoea, pulmonary tuberculosis, the flowers are insisted on kerosene and rubbed with rheumatism, sciatica, bast is applied to erysipelatous places, the leaves are brewed like tea and drink for malaria, apply the leaves to festering wounds, for headaches. Lilac flowers are official in homeopathy.

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