Walnut (Juglans regia L.)

Walnut is a tall tree from the Walnut family (Juglandaceae). Other names: Christ walnut, stone walnut, foreign walnut, Volosh walnut.


A tree up to 30 m tall with a straight trunk covered with dark gray cracking bark and with a wide spreading crown. Leaves are alternate, large, imparipinnate, with one terminal and 2-4 pairs of hairless lateral leaflets, oblong-ovate, obtuse or pointed at the apex, entire. The flowers are small, greenish, unisexual, staminate in long dangling catkins, with a simple, almost to the base 5-7 separate within the flower bed, pistillate with 4-separate within the flower bed, solitary or 2-5 at the ends of the branches. The fruit is a naked, green false drupe, 4-5 cm in diameter, the stone of the walnut fruit is commonly called a “nut”. has a similar chemical composition and application.


In medicine, walnut leaves – Folia Juglandis are used. Collect individual leaves of a complex leaf during the flowering of a walnut. They are cut off by hand and dried in the shade.

Contains active substances:

Walnut leaves contain the dye juglone, flavonoids, tannins, carotene, traces of essential oil and up to 5% ascorbic acid.

Medicinal use:

The leaves are used in medicine as a vitamin raw material. Unripe fruits within the fruit contain up to 3% ascorbic acid, tannins and juglone. After treatment with lime water, they lose their bitter taste and are used for cooking a jam that has a peculiar taste, which is used as a dietary and medicinal product due to the high content of vitamin C. Yuglon in the form of ointments, suspensions and alcohol solutions is used to treat skin tuberculosis, scrofulous lichen and other skin diseases. In folk medicine, a decoction of walnut seeds is drunk with high blood pressure, diarrhea, a decoction of walnut leaves is drunk with scrofula, heart disease; the leaves are applied to boils, and are also used for toothache.

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *