Burdock pharmacy

Name: Pharmacy burdock


Folk names: ordinary repeshok, love spell.

BURDEN (Agrimonia eupatoria L.)Perennial herbaceous plant of the Rosaceae family, with a short thickened rhizome. Stem up to 130 cm in height, erect, simple, strong, covered with harsh hairs. The lowest stem leaves are scaly, and those located slightly higher are large, green, collected in a basal rosette, the rest of the stem leaves are alternate, evenly distributed along the stem, decreasing upwards. All leaves are intermittently pinnate, dark green above, velvety below. The inflorescence is long (10-30 cm), intermittent in the lower part, and a dense spike-shaped raceme in the upper part. The flowers are small, yellow, on very short stalks. The fruit consists of 1-2 nuts enclosed in a hypanthium covered with 4 rows of spines. Blossoms in June – August, fruits ripen in July – September. Propagated by seeds. Distributed throughout the European part of the CIS, in the Caucasus and Central Asia. It grows on fresh and moist sandy and loamy soils in deciduous and mixed forests, along forest edges, roadsides, among shrubs, singly or in several specimens.


Medicinal raw material is the grass of the plant, which is harvested during the flowering period, cutting off leafy stems at a height of 8-10 cm from the soil plane. Dried in the shade under awnings or in dryers at a temperature of 35-40°C. The shelf life of raw materials is 2 years. There is also hairy burdock (Agrimonia pilosa Ledeb.) and odorous burdock (Agrimonia odorata Mill.), which are used in the same way as pharmacy burdock.


The plant has a diuretic, tonic, analgesic, antipruritic, antiviral, anti-inflammatory effect, regulates mineral metabolism, digestive tract function, digestive disorders, reduces the permeability of the vascular wall, stimulates the liver and intestines.


Rhizome. In Indian medicine – astringent, tonic, diuretic. Decoction, infusion, powder – for malignant and benign tumors; in the Caucasus – with malaria, furunculosis. Aboveground part. In Chinese medicine – as a tonic and hemostatic; with diseases of the liver, gallbladder, kidneys, with stomatitis, including aphthous, with gingivitis, periodontal disease. In the states of Western Europe – for diseases of the liver, urolithiasis, gastrointestinal diseases, enuresis, diseases of the throat and oral cavity, externally – for tumors, wounds, skin diseases. In folk medicine – similarly, in addition, with malignant tumors of internal organs, internal bleeding, ascites and helminthiasis, bronchitis, hemorrhoids. Powder – for sore throat, furunculosis, inflammation of the gallbladder, bleeding, poorly healing ulcers. Leaves. In Indian medicine – anthelmintic. In the Caucasus – with diseases of the liver, lungs, diarrhea; externally – with stomatitis and gingivitis. Flowers. In the Caucasus, infusion – for hemorrhoids, skin lesions.


♦ Infusion of burdock herb: 20 g of raw materials are poured into 200 ml of boiling water, infused for 15 minutes, then filtered. Take 1/4-1/2 cup 3-4 times every day.♦ Decoction of burdock herb: boil 20 g of raw materials for 10-15 minutes, then filter. Take 1-2 tablespoons 3-4 times every day (with uterine and pulmonary bleeding after 3 hours).


The aerial part is used in veterinary medicine for woodlice in horses. Suitable for tanning leather, dyes wool golden yellow. Honey plant. 

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