Perennial herbaceous plant with creeping rhizome and straight stem, 50-60 cm high, covered with sparse bristly hairs. Leaves sessile, lanceolate or oblong, opposite, with serrate-crenate edges, hairy. The flowers are red-purple or violet-pink, collected in whorls at the tops of the stems, and form a spike-shaped inflorescence. Blooms in July-August. The fruit is a black, rounded nut.
Grows on the banks of rivers, streams, marshy meadows, swamps. Most often found near Lake Baikal, in the Eastern Sayan.
Medicinal raw material is a herb in the flowering stage. The plant contains alkaloids, resins, tannins, resinous, anthecyanic compounds, ascorbic and other organic acids and alkaloids.
In scientific medicine, alcohol tincture of Baikal chistetsa is used as a good hypotensive and sedative in the treatment of hypertension, acting twice as strong as the motherwort product. Tincture appoint a teaspoon 2-3 times every day, diluted in a quarter glass of water.
In folk medicine, chistets is used as an effective remedy that calms the central nervous system and lowers blood pressure. Preparations from this plant are 2 times stronger than products from motherwort. 20% herb tincture, 20 drops 3 times every day before meals – a clear sedative effect of the product is observed. With hypertension, there is an improvement in subjective sensations and a decrease in blood pressure (mainly maximum). In addition, the cleaner is used for coughing, weakness of labor. An infusion of the roots is used as a laxative and emetic. Outwardly: infusion of herbs – for the treatment of wounds and all kinds of skin diseases.