Perennial small bulbous plant with a garlic smell. The bulbs are long, covered with reticulate membranes, sitting on a small rhizome, the stem is up to 75 cm tall, up to 6 mm thick, straight. The leaves are flat, elliptical or oblong-elliptical, turning into a petiole at the base. The flowers are small, whitish-green, collected in an umbrella. Blooms in May-June. The fruits are capsules with black seeds.
Leaves are medicinal raw materials. The plant contains ascorbic acid, essential oil with a strong garlic odor, protein, soluble mineral and nitrogen-free extractives, lysozyme and phytoncides, which have a strong antibiotic effect.
In folk medicine, the flask is used as an antiscorbutic agent and for atherosclerosis. Enhances intestinal peristalsis, has a tonic, antihelminthic, weak diuretic effect. From another type of wild garlic – bear’s ear, the product urzall was obtained, proposed for the treatment of trichomonas colpitis, and the essential oil urzalin, used to treat purulent wounds, trophic ulcers, bedsores.
In folk medicine wild garlic has long been used as an antiscorbutic and appetite stimulant. An infusion of wild garlic leaves is recommended for fever, colds. Raw wild garlic is eaten for atherosclerosis and worms, alcohol tincture is used for rubbing as a local irritant for rheumatism and drunk for coughing. Wild garlic juice is instilled into the ear with purulent inflammation.