Cotton wooly

Annual herbaceous plant 80-120 cm high. Stems solitary, erect, strongly branched. The whole plant is densely pubescent with simple hairs and, in addition, has numerous dark points. The leaves are alternate, 3-5-lobed, heart-shaped at the base with sharp lobes. Flowers 6-7 cm in diameter, on long stalks, solitary, sessile in leaf axils; at the base of the pedicels are leaf-like bracts. Calyx five-toothed with subcup (wrapper). The fruit is a spherical, three-five-winged capsule, more than 4 cm long. The seeds are numerous, ovoid, dark brown, with a thick, traditionally white, cover of long and short hairs.

In culture, it is distributed in the bulk of cotton-growing regions.

Medicinal raw materials are cotton wool and root bark.

According to the degree of degreasing and purity, cotton wool is distinguished: hygroscopic eye; hygroscopic surgical; compress – cleaned and bleached, used for dressings and insulation.

After harvesting cotton, the most developed bushes are dug up and the bark is removed from the taproot and large lateral roots, which is drunk as a tincture in 70% alcohol as a hemostatic agent for internal bleeding.


Infusion: 1 teaspoon of root bark insist 1 hour in a glass of boiling water and drink 1/2 cup of infusion 3-4 times every day before meals.

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