Feijoa Sellova – Feijoa Sellova

A bush or small (2-5 m tall) tree of the myrtle family. The leaves are evergreen, thick, leathery, opposite, elliptic, entire, dark green above, whitish from downy pubescence below. The flowers are regular, bisexual, large (up to 4 cm in diameter), 1-5 in leaf axils; petals (4 of them) are white, dark pink inside, ovoid, fleshy. The fruit is a yellowish berry, often with a reddish side and a rough surface. Blooms in June – July. The fruits ripen from October to winter.

Distribution . The homeland of feijoa is tropical and subtropical regions of South America. In the Southern Crimea, it is grown as a decorative and edible fruit plant.

Procurement and storage . Ripe feijoa fruits are used for medicinal purposes. Fruits are consumed fresh or processed into jam, jam, jelly, wine, etc.

The plant is unofficial.

Chemical composition . Feijoa fruits contain a significant amount of water-soluble iodine salts (0.7-1.0 mg%), sugars (5-14%), organic acids (1.5-3.5%), pectin substances (1.3%), vitamin C (about 50 mg), essential oil.

Pharmacological properties and use . Feijoa fruits are useful for chronic gastritis with reduced secretory function of the stomach, chronic enteritis and colitis, pyelonephritis, thyroid gland dysfunction and atherosclerosis. The essential oil of the fruit is used in dermatological practice as an anti-inflammatory agent.

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