Dill garden (fennel pharmacy)
An annual herbaceous plant up to 1 m high or more. Stem erect, branched, round, furrowed. The root is straight, branched. The leaves are repeatedly dissected into linear-filamentous lobules, the upper ones with white-edged sheaths and a reduced plate. Flowers are two-seeded, sharply ribbed. Blooms from May to September.
It is bred in vegetable gardens and orchards, sometimes runs wild. Medicinal raw materials are fruits and grass. The fruits are harvested as they ripen, dried and powdered. Raw materials are stored in closed jars. Storage period 2 years.
Dill seeds contain an essential oil, consisting of a mixture of various terpenes: d-carbon, felandrene, d-limonene, dallapion. The herb of the plant also contains an essential oil, but its composition is somewhat different. In addition to the indicated terpenes that make up the essential oil of seeds, terpinene, dipentene, and proazulene were found in it. Fresh grass, in addition to essential oil, contains vitamin C, carotene and camperol.
It has been established that an infusion of dill herb intravenously lowers blood pressure, dilates blood vessels, stimulates the activity of a tired heart, relaxes the intestines, reducing its peristalsis and increasing diuresis. Dill grass stimulates appetite, has an antibacterial effect, increases the body’s resistance. In scientific medicine, the fruits of dill are used as a hypotensive, sedative, antispasmodic, enhances bile secretion, laxative and reduces flatulence, with hypertension and atherosclerosis (especially with headaches), with diseases of the liver and gastrointestinal tract.
Infusion of herbs is used for hypertension stage I and II. Powder from the seeds is used as an expectorant, carminative, choleretic, laxative and diuretic. There are indications of the use of dill seeds in the form of a powder or infusion as a means of stimulating lactation.
In folk medicine, dill grass is used as a diuretic, expectorant, choleretic, stimulant, tonic (especially fennel), laxative. Dill preparations are indicated for flatulence, constipation (a mixture of dill with other plants), and chronic colitis.
Fruits in the form of powders, infusions and decoctions are used for indigestion, abdominal pain, liver disease, high blood pressure, shortness of breath, respiratory diseases, children are given for dyspepsia, diarrhea, used as a means of stimulating the separation of milk in nursing mothers; a decoction of fruits and herbs – with inflammation of the bladder.
As an external agent, dill products are used in the form of lotions for eye diseases and pustular skin lesions, as an antiparasitic agent (for lice) – in the form of an ointment on lard.
Decoction 1 : 1 teaspoon of crushed fruits in a glass of boiling water, leave for 20 minutes; use 2 tbsp. spoons or 1/4 cup 3-4 times every day.
Decoction 2 : 1 tbsp. brew a spoonful of fruits or herbs with fruits with a glass of boiling water, insist, cool, strain. Take 1/2 cup 3 times every day (carminative, choleretic).
Powder (with sugar to taste); half or full teaspoon 3 times every day (fill with water).
Fennel oil – an infusion of the fruits of simple dill in sunflower oil; 2-3 drops on sugar (suck) 3 times daily for flatulence.
Mixture 1 (used for constipation): dill fruits – 2 parts, juniper berries – 2 parts; crush and mix with 1 part powder of dried aloe leaves. 1 teaspoon of the mixture per cup of boiling water, 1 tbsp. spoon 3 times every day. This product regulates the functional activity of the stomach well.
Mixture 2 (used for urinary retention): ground dill fruits – 2 tbsp. spoons, elderberry root powder – 3 tbsp. spoons, camel hay powder – 1 tbsp. spoon, aloe powder – 1 tbsp. a spoon. Take 1 tbsp. a spoonful of the mixture in a glass of boiling water; take 1 tbsp. spoon 3 times every day.
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