Small shrub. Root taproot, branched. The stem is erect or ascending (they creep, like thyme), the lower parts are lignified, strongly branched, up to 20-40 cm high. The leaves are small, up to 0.8 cm long, with short petioles, oblong-lanceolate, grayish, studded on both sides with dots, essential oil glands, very fragrant (smell of thymol). The edges of the leaves of common thyme are strongly wrapped inward, which makes it possible to distinguish this plant from Bogorodskaya grass, or thyme (they are very similar). They can also be distinguished by the color of the corollas: in Bogorodsk grass they are purple-red, and in ordinary thyme they are lilac-pink, and sometimes white. The flowers of common thyme are small, collected in whorl and semi-whorl inflorescences. Blooms in late August or early September. Medicinal raw materials are leaves and young shoots,

The raw material contains an essential oil (0.7-1.2%), which includes thyme, corvacrol and other tirpins.

In scientific medicine, common thyme products (infusion, liquid extract, essential oil, etc.) are widely used as antiseptic and disinfectants for inflammation of the mucous membranes of the oral cavity, as a cough suppressant for bronchitis and other respiratory diseases, especially for whooping cough ( with the addition of Althea).

In folk medicine, common thyme is used as a diaphoretic, diuretic, anticonvulsant and sedative for whooping cough, neuralgia, convulsions, stomach cramps.

In the form of lotions and ointments, common thyme is used for acute rheumatism, wounds, ulcers and all kinds of skin diseases.

Its preparations have almost the same effect on the body as products from caraway seeds, dill and Bogorodsk grass.


Decoction: 15 g per 200 ml; 1 st. spoon 3 times every day. Tincture: 10%; 13-15 drops every day. Ointment: 1 part powder to 5 parts base or 1 part tincture or condensed decoction to 4 parts base.

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