Bagatorichna grassy roslina, the homeland of legumes. The stems are straight, 10-40 cm long, with curlicues, simple or rosaceous, trochs of the boron parts, covered with whitish hairs. Leaves black, petiolate, tripartite (lower crimson), with two large ovate-lanceolate or double leaflets; leaflets dovgastі, shirokobernenolantsetnі or types zhenoelіptichnі, tsіlokraї, zljako zagostreni or blunt, the animal may be naked, green, z_podu – clear, densely covered with embossed hairs. The flowers are two-fold incorrect, in the axils of the species of ovoid-shaped upper leaves, picked with rings, which make the sparse upper kititsa; vіnochok 5-pe-lyustkovy, metelikovy, yellow. Plid – types of lineal bib. The color of the chervni is linden. Reach the fruit at sickle – faith.
Width. Thermopsis lanceolate growth in the steppe and lyso-steppe zones of Western Siberia and Northern Siberia and Pivnichny Kazakhstan and in the Tien Shan mountains near solonets steppes, along river valleys and shores of lakes and yak bur’yan near crops.
Harvesting and saving. For medical purposes, vicarious herb (Herba Thermopsidis) and home (Semen Thermopsidis) thermopsis. The grass is harvested from the period of budding until the first fruits are established, the stems are ripening at a height of 3-5 cm from the surface soil. To dry the selected syrovina in the sun, and in case of unfriendly weather minds – under the sun. Piece drying (in dryers) is carried out at a temperature of 50-60 °. Nasinnya is harvested from sickles – springs, if the beans break easily. The beans are picked to dry in the sun, threshed, and the rest are taken to the wind or in the wind. Grass is packed at the bale, and the rest is collected at the bear. Save okremo from other medicinal syrovina. Lines of appurtenance – 2 years. Thermopsis lanceolate – arched roslin. Prepare, dry, package and other operations need to be wrapped in gauze bandages or respirators,
Chemical warehouse . Herb thermopsis revenge alkaloids (0.5-3.6%) thermopsin, homothermopsin, methylcytisine, pachycarpine and anagirin, thermopsilancin glycoside, saponins, tannins of speech, resins, mucus, ascorbic acid and trace essential oils. In our thermopsis, there are 2-3% alkaloids, among which cytisine prevails.
Pharmacological power and victory . The merit of introducing thermopsis into a wide medical practice is given to M. M. Varlakov, which is a manifestation of yoga in the form of authority. Particularly effective is the use of drugs in thermopsis in chronic tracheitis, bronchitis and bronchopneumonia and in the case of catarrhal manifestations of the upper dycal passages and oropharynx. Stop thermopsis in powder, infusion, tablets and dry extract, prepared from yoga herbs. At high doses, the product of thermopsis vomits. Herb thermopsis enters the warehouse of tablets for cough (Tabulettae contra tussim), and the dry extract enters the warehouse of dry medicine for cough for adults (Mixtura sicca contra tussim pro adultis). From now on thermopsis, the product cytiton is produced (div. article Zoloty dosch zvichayny).
Medical forms and zastosuvannya .
The powder is prescribed at a dose of 0.01-0.05 g 2-3 times a day, infusion (0.6-1 g of syrovin per 180-200 ml of okrop) – 1 tablespoon 3-4 times a day.
For children up to 2 years of age, 1/2-1 teaspoon of infusion of 0.12 g per 100 ml is prescribed, for children of older age – 1 teaspoon – 1 dessert spoon of infusion of 0.2 g per 100 ml 3-5 times a day .
The most common doses of thermopsis grass for mature adults: one-time – 0.1 g, dobova – 0.3 g.
The most common doses for children up to 6 months and from 6 months to 1 year: single – 0.005 g, dobova – 0.015 g; Vіkom 2 roki: one-time — 0.01 g, dobova 0.03 g; Vіkom 3-4 rocks: one-time – 0.015 g, dobova – 0.045 g; 5-6 years: one-time – 0.02 g, dobova – 0.06 g; 7-9 years: one-time – 0.025 g, dobova – 0.075 g; 10-14 years: one-time – 0.03 g, dobova – 0.1 g. The dry extract of thermopsis (Extractum Thermopsidi siccum) is prescribed for adults, 1 tablet 2-3 times a day. Form of release: powder і tablets of 0.05 g.