Name: Perennial daisies – perennial daisy
Perennial daisies (Bellis perennis); perennial daisy
A perennial herbaceous plant of the asteraceae (complex-flowered) family. Stems (flower arrows) are erect, 6-24 cm tall, leafless, hollow inside, thickened under the baskets and thicker than in the rest of the stem, pubescent. The leaves in the basal rosette are lobed-ovate, blunt, notched-toothed or almost entire at the top, suddenly narrowed to the base into petioles longer than the leaf plate, covered with hairs on both sides; leaf plate with a distinct midvein and 2-3 pairs of barely noticeable lateral veins. The flowers are small, collected in baskets; marginal – tabular, pistillate, single-rowed, white or pink; middle ones are tubular, bisexual, yellow. The fruit is an achene. Blooms from April to June.
Spread. Perennial daisies grow in meadows, in groves, on slopes in forest and forest-steppe areas of Ukraine. As an ornamental plant, they are grown throughout the territory of Ukraine.
Procurement and storage . For medical purposes, wild primrose grass (Herba Bellidis perennis) is used, which is harvested during the flowering period of the plant, separating the stem from the roots under the surface rosette of leaves. The collected grass is laid out in a thin layer on cloth or paper under cover in the open air or in a ventilated room and dried. Ready raw materials are stored in well-closed cans or cans.
The plant is unofficial.
Chemical composition . St. John’s wort contains saponins, essential oil, flavones, belidin glucoside, resinous substances, mucilage, inulin and organic acids (malic, tartaric, oxalic).
Pharmacological properties and use. St. John’s wort preparations regulate general metabolism, act as an expectorant, anti-inflammatory, antipyretic and hemostatic agent, increase diuresis, contribute to the secretion of bile in the duodenum, and have a slight laxative effect. Indications for the appointment of St. John’s wort are catarrh of the upper respiratory tract and bronchitis with insufficient discharge of sputum, bronchial asthma, diseases of the liver, gall bladder, kidneys and bladder, jaundice, chronic constipation, pulmonary and uterine bleeding, gout and rheumatism. In case of pulmonary tuberculosis, the shell of two eggs crushed to a dusty state is mixed with the powder of St. John’s wort in a ratio of 1:1 and drunk with milk 2 times a day – in the morning and in the evening. Daisies are also used as an external remedy. Infusion of the herb treats wounds, infectious skin lesions, mastitis, removes moles. Daisies are also used in homeopathy. Salads are prepared from the young leaves of the plant, which have a positive effect on the metabolism in the human body.
Medicinal forms and applications .
Internally – an infusion of the herb (3 teaspoons of raw materials are infused for 3-4 hours in a glass of water at room temperature, filtered) for a third of a glass 3 times a day.
Externally – compresses, lotions and washing with infusion (6 teaspoons of raw materials are infused for 3-4 hours in a glass of water at room temperature, filtered);
50 g of a mixture of common oak bark, nettle leaves, perennial yarrow grass, white mistletoe, common sorrel and pepper mustard, taken in a ratio of 2:2:2:2:1:1, infuse for 2-3 hours in 1 liter of boiling water and use for douching with inflammatory processes of the female genital organs, for compresses with mastitis, wounds and ulcers, rheumatism and gout.