Sophora japonica

Name: Japanese Sophora



Tree up to 10 m tall, very reminiscent of white acacia. There are no thorns. Flowers in very large panicles, sitting at the ends of the branches. Corolla yellowish or yellowish-white, moth-like, within 1 cm long. All stamens are free, not fused together. The leaves are pinnately compound in the amount of 11-15, ovate-oblong, entire, with a pointed tip at the top. The bean is clear-shaped, with constrictions, non-opening, fleshy, drooping. The peel of the seeds contains viscous substances, thanks to which the fruits can remain juicy for months. Sophora blooms very late, in the second half of July-August. All parts of the tree are poisonous.

Bred in parks, on the streets. Originally from China. Medicinal raw materials are fruits and flower buds.

In scientific medicine, a tincture of ripe fruits in 56% alcohol (1 part of the fruit to 5 parts of alcohol, with a ten-day infusion) is used externally for purulent wounds, trophic ulcers and burns.

In folk medicine, sophora is taken orally at elevated blood pressure, to improve appetite, as a sleeping pill, for dysentery, stomach and duodenal ulcers, internal bleeding, pulmonary tuberculosis in the initial stage and paraproctitis (inflammation of fiber within the caecum). Outwardly – with fresh and long-term non-healing wounds, as well as scars caused by burns, sophora is used as a tincture. It is also used for abscesses, phlegmon, cracked nipples of the mammary glands, hair loss. In the later case, diluted in a ratio of 1:10 is used. A diluted decoction is used for douching in inflammatory diseases of the female genital organs.


Tincture: 10 g of crushed fruits per 90 g of vodka (1 – 2 tablespoons of crushed fruits per 0.5 l of vodka) insist in a warm place for 10 days, occasionally shaking; 30 drops 3 times every day before meals.

Decoction: 5 g (1 teaspoon) of sophora per half a glass of boiling water, leave for 10 minutes and filter: for hair loss.

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