Name: A blackened dream – a blackened shot
Pulsatilla nigricans; a blackening shot
Perennial herbaceous rhizomatous plant of the family of the sedum family. The flowering stem is erect, leafless; 10-30 cm tall, densely pubescent, single-flowered, with a bell-like covering of linear pubescent leaves fused at the base. The leaves are superficial, with petioles, appear before flowering or during flowering, initially densely hairy, later almost glabrous, elongated-ovate trilobate, with linear or narrowly pointed segments. The flowers are single, regular, bisexual, drooping, have the appearance of an elongated narrow bell; perianth is corolla-shaped, with 6 ovate or broadly ovate, 2-3 cm long, black-purple, outwardly fluffy leaves bent outward at the top. The fruit is a multicorn. Blooms in April – May.
Spread. Black nightshade grows throughout the territory of Ukraine in pine forests, on dry sunny slopes and sandy hills.
Procurement and storage . For medical purposes, the herb Sona (Herba Pulsatillae) is used, which is harvested during the flowering period of the plant and used fresh or dried, spread out in a thin layer on paper or cloth in the shade in the open air or in a well-ventilated room. Dried grass is used 3-5 months after harvesting.
Chemical composition. Black nightshade grass contains y-lactones (ranunculin, protoanemonin, anemonin), tannins (3.4-5.6%), flavonoids, alkaloids (traces) and organic acids.
Pharmacological properties and use . In scientific medicine, galenic products of black sleep are prescribed internally for hypertensive disease of the 1st and 2nd stages and glaucoma, to slow down the heart rate and stimulate breathing, as a sedative and soporific agent for mental diseases. In traditional medicine, this plant is used along with sleep.
Medicinal forms and applications. Internally – an infusion of dried grass (40 g of raw material per 200 ml of boiling water) is taken 1 tablespoon 3-5 times a day at equal intervals between meals for 2-3 weeks in case of hypertension, 2-3 tablespoons 3-4 times a day for several weeks for mental illnesses, 1-2 tablespoons 3 times a day for 2-3 months for glaucoma.
Black sleep contains powerful substances and requires caution when using it.