Samosil gayoviy – common dubrovnik



A small semi-shrub of the labiumaceae family. Stems from the ascending base are straight, four-sided, sparsely pubescent with simple hairs, 10-35 cm high. The leaves are opposite, serrated, with a wedge-shaped base narrowed into a short petiole; the lower ones are inverted-ovoid, the upper ones are oblong. The flowers are bisexual, irregular, on short peduncles, in axillary 2-6-flowered false rings, forming a short panicle-shaped one-sided apical inflorescence; calyx reddish, bell-shaped, with ten veins and five teeth (the teeth are triangular, finely pointed, shorter than the tube), slightly swollen at the base on the lower side; corolla bilobed (the lateral lobes of the lower lip are lanceolate), pink-purple, 2.5 times longer than the calyx. The fruit consists of four nut-shaped lobes. Blooms from June to August.

Spread. Samosyl grove grows throughout the territory of Ukraine among shrubs, on the edges of deciduous forests, steppe slopes and rocky outcrops, less often on sand.

Procurement and storage . For medicinal purposes, the grass of self-reliance (Herba Teucrii chamaedrys, synonym — Herba Chamaedrys) is used, which is harvested during the flowering period of the plant. The collected raw materials are first dried in the sun, and then dried in the shade. Artificial drying is carried out at a temperature not higher than 40°. 25% of dry grass is obtained. In homeopathy, they use essence from the fresh grass of self-strength.

Chemical composition . Samosyla grass contains tannins, bitter-tasting furanditerpene lactones, a significant amount of ascorbic acid and essential oil, the main component of which is caryophyllene.

Pharmacological properties and use . Samosil gaj is used as a means that stimulates appetite and improves digestion, has astringent, anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, hemostatic, dermotonic, choleretic, diuretic, tonic and tonic properties. Infusion of the grass of self-strength is given internally for pain in the stomach and intestines, for heartburn, flatulence, diarrhea and dysentery, for gallstone disease and sand in the kidneys, rheumatism, gout and rashes on the skin, against fever, hemoptysis, hemorrhoids, sexual weakness and excessive menstruation As an external remedy, which, in addition to the above-mentioned properties, also exhibits an epithelizing effect, samosily is used for the treatment of boils, purulent wounds, inflammation of the eyes and hemorrhoids, baldness in women, rheumatic pain in the joints, and as a hemostatic agent.

Medicinal forms and applications. Internally – herbal infusion (4 teaspoons of raw material per 200 ml of boiling water, boil for 5 minutes) for a quarter of a glass 4 times a day until Eid.

Externally – herbal infusion (prepared as in the previous prescription) for baths, compresses, lotions and douches, and the residue after filtering the infusion – for poultices.

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