Name: Hornhead straighthorn
Small, up to 1-15 cm high, annual herbaceous plant from the buttercup family. Develops a simple tap root, which subsequently forms secondary roots. Stem strongly shortened, densely pubescent, sometimes almost glabrous. The leaves are palm-shaped, three-separate, all basal. Flowers solitary, on long pedicels, equal in length to the leaves or exceeding them. Perianth double, five-petalled. The petals are yellow, at the base with a honey gland covered with a scale. Stamens 5-15, pistils numerous, fruitlets with almost straight nose. Blooms in March-April.
It is found in the European part of Russia, in the Caucasus, in Central Asia and Western Siberia. Grows in steppes and deserts on clay and sandy soils, on dry slopes and solonetz places.
Medicinal raw material is the whole plant or its aerial part.
In folk medicine, hornhead in the form of solutions, ointments, etc. is used externally for pyoderma, furuncles (furunculosis), ulcers, treatment of eczemas, wounds, bruises, and other skin diseases.
Hornhead preparations contribute to the rapid cleansing of wounds from pus, accelerate the resorption of inflammatory edema, give rapid tissue granulation and epithelialization.