Name: Radish pos_vna black – black radish
Black radish (Raphanus sativus var. niger); black radish; the Cabbage family (Brassicaceae), or Cruciferae; Black radish
There are no rules without exceptions. This is a completely cultivated plant that got into this book thanks to its wonderful medicinal properties.
Black radish is a herbaceous biennial. In the first year of life, it forms a basal rosette of lyre-shaped, pinnate leaves, as well as a large juicy root crop. In the second year, the plant expels the flowering stem and produces seeds. The stem is erect, branched at the top, 40-100 cm tall. The flowers are small, bisexual, white or lilac, forming an inflorescence — a tassel. The fruit is a pod. The plant blooms in May, the fruits ripen in June.
As a vegetable crop, radish is grown everywhere, with the exception of the Far North. It is no accident that this representative of the Kapustyan family has long been popular among the population of Russia and Ukraine. It is an important food, vitamin and medicinal plant.
Fresh root crops and radish seeds are used for medical purposes. Root crops are rich in sugars (up to 6%), proteins, amino acids. They contain fiber and various enzymes, vitamins B1, C (up to 56 mg%), plant pigments – anthocyanins, organic acids, fatty and other substances. Radish is rich in potassium salts, root crops contain up to 1200 mg% of them, as well as various micro- and macroelements.
Fresh radish juice is a recognized diuretic and choleretic agent, it increases intestinal peristalsis, improves appetite, has an expectorant effect, and also increases the body’s resistance to various infections. Consumption of plant juice helps with cholecystitis, liver cirrhosis and gallstone disease, heart rhythm disorders, gastritis with reduced acidity and intestinal atony. For bronchitis, hoarseness, hemoptysis and colds, a new remedy is used – radish juice with honey. It is very useful to use the fresh juice of the plant internally for diabetes.
In folk medicine, the juice is prescribed for scurvy, flatulence, diarrhea, delayed menstruation, and as a means of increasing milk production in nursing mothers. Radish has the ability to remove excess cholesterol from the body, so it is useful for atherosclerosis. A salad of grated radish with carrots and beets is an excellent remedy for anemia.
It is contraindicated to use root crops with peptic ulcer disease of the stomach and duodenum, gastritis with increased acidity
and organic lesions of the cardiovascular system.
Purulent wounds and ulcers are treated with fresh plant juice, and sore spots are rubbed with arthritis, myositis, and sciatica. Radish juice, mixed in equal proportions with honey and vodka, is an effective tool for rubbing joints with rheumatism. Porridge made of finely grated root vegetables acts like mustard.
Radish seeds, crushed and mixed with a small amount of hot water, are used for poultices as an antimycotic (antifungal) and bactericidal agent for mycosis, wounds and eczema.
The story about radish would be incomplete if we did not mention its honey-bearing properties. Cultivated radish has a predecessor – wild radish (R. raphanistrum), which is known among beekeepers as a good honey bearer. The honey productivity of wild radish is up to 100 kg from 1 hectare of thickets. Honey is tasty, crystallizes quickly, but is not suitable for wintering bees. Cultivated radish is also a good honey bearer, its honey is of the same quality.
Fresh root vegetable juice. 1 tablespoon 2-3 times a day as an expectorant and diuretic. Fresh juice, mixed with honey in a 1:1 ratio, take 1-2 tablespoons 2-3 times a day for colds and bronchitis.
Poultices from seeds. Crushed radish seeds are diluted with a small amount of hot water, wrapped in gauze and applied to the affected areas of the skin 1-2 times a day. The course of treatment for mycoses is 7-10 days.