Liver (pshinka)

Hepataca noble Garsault. L.

The Zhovtetsevi family is Ranunculaceae


What does it look like? A small bush up to 15 cm tall. The leaves are long-petioled with a three-lobed plate, which bloom only after the plant blooms. Flowers — a 5-, 9-, 11-lobed blue corolla on a three-leaf calyx. Blooms in April – May.

Where does it grow? On the sunny edges of forests, among shrubs – in the western forest areas, on the Western Right Bank Polissia, in the Western Forest Steppe and the western part of the Right Bank Forest Steppe. The plant is decorative.

What and when are collected? Flowering plant, from March to April (collect with gloves, because the caustic juice causes blisters on the skin).

When is it used? In the form of tea, it is used for diseases of the liver and gall bladder and inflammation of the spleen; added to tea to purify the blood for boils, rashes on the body and scrofula.

Take a teaspoon of liverwort flowers in a glass of boiling water and infuse for 10 minutes. They drink 1 glass in the morning and in the evening, in sips.

As drops, they are used for pain in the area of ​​the liver and gall bladder. For this, a full handful of liverwort flowers are infused in a liter of vodka for 14 days. Then strain and use 20 drops on sugar or water several times a day.

The roots and fresh leaves of liverwort contain a volatile oil, a derivative of camphor, protoanemonin, which in the dried plant turns into a crystalline pain-relieving and antispasmodic anemonin, which no longer affects the skin, but in larger doses can have a harmful effect on the heart; in addition, tannins, resins and glycoside hepatrilobin.

Liverworts and cotton soaked in alcohol tincture are inserted into the tooth cavity to relieve pain. This tincture is used for rubbing in rheumatic pain.

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