Annual gray-green sprawling plant of the carnation family. The stems are branched, decumbent, short pubescent, 5-15 cm long. The leaves are small, elongated-linear or elliptic, narrowed to the base, almost sessile, densely pubescent, bristly-ciliated on the edge. The flowers are small, bisexual, with a green calyx of five sepals and filiform petals, collected in dense axillary glomeruli; sepals end with bristles; stamens 2-3, rarely 5. The fruit is a dry membranous spherical one-seeded nut. Blooms in May – August.
Spread. Ostudnik roughy grows on dry sandy soils of the western regions of Ukraine.
Procurement and storage . Herbs (Herba Herniariae) are used to make medicines, which are collected during the flowering of the plant. The collected grass is quickly dried in the shade in the fresh air or in a well-ventilated room, spreading it on a cloth or paper in a layer 3-4 cm thick and stirring often. 23-25% of dry raw material is obtained. Store in dry, well-ventilated areas. The shelf life is 2 years.
The plant is unofficial .
Chemical composition . The herb contains triterpene saponins (10.2%), 0.63% coumarins (gerniarin, umbelliferone, scopoletin), 0.35% flavonoids (kaempferol, quercetin), phenolic acids, essential oil and carbohydrates.
Pharmacological properties and use . The rough oleander has diuretic, astringent, antispasmodic, and antibacterial properties, exhibits a weak choleretic effect, and normalizes disturbed mineral metabolism in the body. Plant preparations are used for heart failure associated with decompensation of cardiac activity, acute and chronic catarrh of the urinary bladder, pyelitis, involuntary urination, kidney stone disease, pyelonephritis, persistent albuminuria, rheumatism, gout, arthritis, gonorrheal inflammation of the urinary tract, jaundice and in the case of respiratory catarrh and muscle pain after heavy physical work. Externally, the infusion of the herb is used for diathesis and skin diseases and for wound healing. No side effects of the products of the rough sedum on the body of the patients were found.
Medicinal forms and applications . Internally – herbal infusion (20 g of raw material per 200 ml of boiling water) 1 tablespoon 3-4 times a day;
fresh plant juice is taken 2 tablespoons 3-4 times a day;
Boil 3 tablespoons of a mixture of the grass of ostudnik roughy, common milkweed leaves, fruits of common juniper (50 g each) and the roots of madder dye (200 g) in 1 liter of water for 15 minutes, strain and drink half a glass before meals and after meals 3 times a day day with kidney stone disease;
1 tablespoon with the top of a mixture of the grass of ostudnik roughy, fruits of garden parsley (20 g each) and leaves of common milkweed (60 g) is infused in a glass of cold water for 6 hours, boiled for 15 minutes and drunk in equal portions during the day for cystitis and bacteriuria (collection is effective in case of alkaline urine).