Tree up to 20 m or more with a powerful spreading crown, light gray bark, deeply fissured on old trunks, smooth on the branches. The leaves are alternate, petiolate, pinnate, up to 45 cm long or more, with 3-4 pairs of leaflets. The latter are elliptical or oblong-ovate, dark green above, lighter below. The plant is monocot; flowers are small, inconspicuous, unisexual; staminate – collected in long hanging inflorescences, earrings up to 8-10 cm long; stamens 20-30 in the lower flowers, 6-8 in the upper flowers of the inflorescence. Pistillate flowers with four lobes within the flower bed, placed in groups or singly at the top of annual branches. Pistil with single-celled ovary and two sessile fringed stigmas. The fruit is a false drupe. The outer fruit is fleshy, green, becomes leathery when ripe, turns black, separated from the “nut” – the bones. The shell of the nut (internal within the fruit) is grayish-brown, woody. The seed (nut kernel) is covered with a thin shell, consists of a large embryo. Blooms in April-May; fruits ripen at the end of August.

Walnut is widely cultivated in Central Asia and the Caucasus. In the wild, it is found only in the southern mountainous regions of Central Asia.

Medicinal raw materials are leaves, fresh unripe fruits and, within the limits of the fruit, which can be cut with a knife, fruits. The pericarp contains ascorbic acid, vitamin B, tannins, etc. The seeds contain fatty oil, which includes glycerides of linoleic, oleic and linolenic acids; tannins and a lot of vitamin C, B vitamins, vitamins E, P, fiber, iron and cobalt salts.

Scientific medicine uses the walnut product juglone in the form of ointments, solutions and suspensions for the treatment of skin tuberculosis, as well as for skin lesions with streptococcal and staphylococcal infections. It is also used to treat epidermophytosis of smooth skin. Green fruits are used to obtain vitamin C concentrates. An ELO product has been prepared for the treatment of tuberculosis diseases. From the leaves, the product carion was obtained for the treatment of lupus.

Nuts are used in medical nutrition, as they are a high-calorie product. Nut kernels are more than twice as high in calories as premium wheat bread. They contain from 40 to 70% fat, rich in unsaturated fatty acids, which are of great importance in the treatment of atherosclerosis and other cardiovascular diseases, as well as liver diseases. Nuts contain a lot of fiber, due to which they increase intestinal motility. The oil contained in them also contributes to better bowel function. All this is useful in obesity and in old age. Nuts are recommended for anemia due to the presence of cobalt and iron salts in them.

Nut and leaf preparations are highly astringent, aphrodisiac, antiscorbutic and anthelmintic; they regulate the functional activity of the gastrointestinal tract.

In folk medicine, walnuts are used for catarrhs ​​of the stomach and intestines, diarrhea, cardiosclerosis and sclerosis of the brain, as well as for other diseases that occur against the background of atherosclerosis, for rickets, exudative diathesis, scrofula, diabetes mellitus, and also for gout – inside and out, with bleeding, roundworms.

Externally, walnut products are used to heal wounds, ulcers, in the treatment of skin tuberculosis, lupus, furunculosis; toothache, sore throat, sore throat – gargle, also with eczema and lichen.

It is recommended to use crushed walnut with honey for the treatment of lung diseases and other debilitating diseases.

In ancient times, walnuts were considered a means of preventing poisoning by the most powerful poisons. To do this, it was recommended in the morning on an empty stomach to take two walnuts with two wine berries, with leaves and salt.

To expel roundworms and tapeworms, they gave freshly squeezed oil with wine or dried nuts with wine. Walnut oil has also been used for urinary stones.

For a long time, people have used baths with the addition of a decoction of walnut leaves for skin tuberculosis and scrofula.

A decoction of green walnut peels has been used to expel worms since the time of Hippocrates. The bark of walnut roots, dried and made into a fine powder, has a gentle laxative effect. An infusion of the leaves is recommended inside not only as an anthelmintic, but also for the treatment of inflammatory processes of the gastrointestinal tract, with scrofula, heart disease, rickets, diabetes mellitus, externally – rinse the mouth with tonsillitis and gingivitis. The fruit bark serves the same purposes as the leaves. Chewed walnut is often used by the people as a plaster, applying it to an abscess (especially to a nail-eater).


For the treatment of hypertension: 100 g of nuts every day with or without honey for 45 days.

Infusion of dry leaves: 1 teaspoon of crushed leaves is brewed with a glass of boiling water and, after cooling, filtered, take 1 tbsp. spoon 3-4 times every day.

Decoction of dry leaves: 1 tbsp. a spoonful of leaves is boiled in 2 cups of water for 15-20 minutes, taken orally in the same way as the infusion, with diabetes, catarrh of the stomach and intestines, rickets, scrofula, rinse your mouth with sore throats.

Decoction: 20 g of chopped young leaves or unripe fruits per 200 ml of boiling water, insist 20 minutes; 1 st. spoon 3 times every day for external and internal use.

Tea: 10 g per 200 ml; use in all of the above internal diseases and diabetes.

Tincture: 30 g of finely chopped immature fruits are poured with a liter of alcohol (in extreme cases – vodka), insisted in a bottle in the sun for 14 days.

Liquor: strain the tincture, cover the remaining fruits with sugar (to taste), mix well (until crushed), top up with alcohol (or vodka) and insist for another month, then filter and squeeze through gauze. For taste, add a little cloves, cinnamon. Tincture and liquor are equally useful for poor digestion of food in the stomach, only liquor is less effective, but more pleasant: one glass after a meal.

Ointment for wounds: 15 g or 1 tbsp. pour 100 g of sunflower oil into a spoonful of chopped walnut leaves, soak for 7 days, then heat the oil with leaves in a boiling water bath for 3 hours, strain twice through gauze, boil the strained for another 30 minutes. After that, 15 g of yellow wax is added to obtain an ointment.

An oil infusion is prepared from chopped fresh leaves, taken in an amount of 50-80 g, they are insisted on 300 ml of sunflower oil at room temperature for 15-20 days.

The bark of walnut roots is used as a gentle laxative that does not cause pain.

And also the animality of respect for the statue Gorikh Volosky

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