Herbaceous plant 60-100 cm tall. Roots adventitious, fibrous. The stem is a straw, erect, hollow, with swollen dense knots. The leaves are alternate, linear, with long sheaths covering the internodes. The flowers are bisexual, small, covered with scales, collected in spikelets on long peduncles, arranged in a spreading panicle. Blooms in June-July. The fruit is a grain.
Medicinal raw materials are cereals and oat flour, as well as straw. Grains contain 44% starch, 13% protein, in addition, there is gum, sugar, fat, mineral salts (phosphorus, calcium, etc.), vitamins B, B2, A.
Kissels are prepared from oatmeal, which are considered a good dietary remedy for convalescents and as an enveloping agent for gastrointestinal diseases accompanied by diarrhea, in these cases it is recommended to use decoctions of oatmeal.
In folk medicine, decoctions and tea are prepared from oat straw, which are used as a diaphoretic, diuretic, carminative and antipyretic, in addition, a decoction of straw is also used externally. Oatmeal soup is a healthy dietary dish, especially for babies with scrofula. When retaining urine in babies, it is useful to give them an infusion of oatmeal in water.
A decoction of grain with honey is an excellent refreshing and nourishing remedy for people who have weakened as a result of debilitating diseases. The dietary oatmeal soup mentioned above is recommended even for pulmonary tuberculosis as a tonic.
A decoction of straw is used, also from cereals inside with edema of renal origin, all kinds of gastrointestinal diseases in babies.
With rickets and scrofula in babies, baths from a decoction of oat straw are recommended. With sweating feet, foot baths are made from a strong decoction of oat straw with the addition of a decoction of oak bark. In case of kidney stone disease, hot compresses from a strong decoction are recommended on the lumbar region as a means of facilitating the passage of stones.
Alcohol tincture from green plants is recommended to be used as a tonic, tonic for fatigue, poor appetite, insomnia, to strengthen the nervous system.
In folk medicine, an infusion of oats is used as a choleretic agent.
Decoction 1: 30-40 g of chopped straw per 1 liter of water; drink as tea (or spoons) as a diaphoretic, diuretic, carminative, antipyretic, etc.
Decoction 2: 1 cup of oats is brewed with 1 liter of water and simmered until 1/4 of the liquid taken is evaporated. Take 2 cups 3-4 times every day as a choleretic; or 2 cups of oats brew 1 liter of boiling water, leave for 20 minutes, strain and take chilled half a cup 3 times every day (choleretic).
A decoction of cereals: 20 g per 400 ml, or 1 tbsp. a spoonful of oats in 2 cups of water, boil for a long time.
A decoction of oats with milk and honey: 1 cup of oats or oatmeal in 5 cups of water, evaporate to half, until the density of liquid jelly. Strain and pour an equal amount of milk into the broth (within 2 glasses), boil again. In the liquid thus obtained, add 4 teaspoons of honey (to taste) and boil again. The resulting pleasant and high-calorie drink should be consumed in a warm or warm form throughout the day or in 3 doses, and a decoction of cereals should be drunk as tea.
A decoction of straw – externally: 20 g per 200 ml or 300 ml per bucket of water.
Oatmeal jelly. Oatmeal is soaked overnight, in the morning the infusion is drained and boiled – it turns out jelly. From the remaining soaked cereals, porridge is cooked.
Tea and a decoction of oat straw are used by the people as a diaphoretic, carminative and diuretic. A decoction is also used for dropsy of the abdomen that has arisen with kidney diseases, and as an antipyretic.
Decoction: 30-40 g of small straw per 1 liter of water – with mental fatigue and to strengthen the nervous system.