Buckthorn buckthorn – buckthorn buckthorn

Maslynaceae family (Eleagnaceae); Seabuckthorn buckthorn


Residents of the southern part of Siberia and the peoples of the Caucasus are most familiar with this plant. In the middle zone of Russia, sea buckthorn is bred in nurseries and on home plots. Not so long ago, the plant was a novelty in the Black Earth, but the wonderful properties of sea buckthorn came in handy, and now it is widely spread in culture.

This is a dioecious (there are male and female individuals) bush up to 7 m tall, rarely more. The branches are lined with sharp thorns. The leaves are oblong-lanceolate, silvery, covered with scaly hairs. The flowers are small, brownish, with a two-bladed calyx, in short axillary tassels, bloom in May, usually before or at the same time as the leaves bloom. The fruits are juicy, golden-yellow, orange or light red oval drupes, on very short stalks, clustered at the ends of the branches. They ripen in August-September, in wild thickets they remain on the branches until spring. The usual places of growth are valleys of mountain rivers and streams, steppe and mountain-steppe areas. Often grows on sands. Buckthorn-like buckthorn is common in Altai, in the Sayan Mountains, Transbaikalia, as well as in the Caucasus, in Scandinavia, Moldova,

Sea buckthorn is valued not only for its original sweet-sour taste and pineapple aroma (sometimes it is even called the pineapple of the north), but also for its numerous medicinal properties.

The composition of fruits includes various biologically active substances, including sugars (up to 7%), organic acids, vitamins A, B1, B2, B6 , C , E, flavonoids, micro- and macroelements. A truly multivitamin plant! The seeds (stones) contain up to 12% fatty oil. Sea buckthorn bark and leaves also have medicinal properties. Fruits are collected at the stage of full ripeness, plucking them with special tweezers, or after frost they are sprinkled on a cloth spread under the bush. Collected berries are used to obtain sea buckthorn oil and various food products from them. Sea buckthorn is eaten raw, dried, made into jam, marmalade and jelly, made into juices, tinctures and liqueurs. Frozen fruits retain their medicinal properties for six months.

The bark of the plant is harvested in early spring. On young branches, at a distance of 10-15 cm, two ring-shaped incisions are made, which are connected by two longitudinal ones. The bark is removed in the form of two half-tubes and dried first under shelter in the air, and then at a temperature of 35-40 °C in dryers. The finished raw material breaks with a crack. Sea buckthorn leaves are collected throughout the growing season. Sea buckthorn oil is sold in pharmacies, but you can prepare it yourself. Here is a simple way to get this product. First, juice is squeezed from ripe fruits, the juice is dried and ground in a coffee grinder or ground in a mortar, then poured with olive or sunflower oil in a ratio of 1:1.5 (by mass). Insist for three weeks at room temperature, periodically stirring, settle and carefully drain the liquid part. The resulting oil is ready for use. Its color — from light yellow to bright orange, depends on the content of carotenoids in the fruit.

Preparations of the plant have excellent medicinal properties of sea buckthorn products. Sea buckthorn oil has a bactericidal, anti-inflammatory, wound-healing, and pain-relieving effect. It is used for the treatment of clogged areas, various skin lesions, including frostbite, bedsores and trophic ulcers, the oil also helps with skin tuberculosis, eczema and ringworm, treats diseases of the nasopharynx: sinusitis, chronic tonsillitis, rhinitis. The product is widely used in gynecology — for colpitis, endocervicitis, cervical erosion. Candles with sea buckthorn oil are used to treat proctitis, anal fissures and hemorrhoids.

Sea buckthorn oil is taken internally with peptic ulcer disease of the stomach and duodenum. It also eases the condition of esophageal cancer patients. The oil has a pronounced therapeutic effect in atherosclerosis and changes in the liver caused by alcohol intoxication.

Fresh fruits of the plant are used for hypo- and vitamin deficiency, they are included in the therapeutic and preventive diet of patients with peptic ulcer disease. After severe operations, they are prescribed as a tonic. The skin is lubricated with fresh fruit juice for purulent ulcers, as well as after X-ray therapy.

Alcohol extract of sea buckthorn bark has a radioprotective effect, prevents pathological growth of tissues. Infusion of plant leaves helps well with diarrhea, it is also used for baths in rheumatism and gout.

Sea buckthorn oil (internal). 1 teaspoon 2-3 times a day half an hour before meals for stomach ulcers. For the treatment of esophageal cancer — 1/2 tablespoon 2-3 times a day. After the end of the main medical course of treatment, the oil is taken for another 2-3 weeks.

Bark decoction. 1 tablespoon of crushed raw materials per 200 ml of boiling water. Heat in a boiling water bath for 20 minutes, filter, bring to the original volume with boiled water. Take 1 tablespoon 4-5 times a day with diarrhea.

Infusion of leaves. 1 tablespoon of crushed raw materials per 200 ml of boiling water. Insist for 2 hours, filter, bring to the original volume with boiled water. Take 1 tablespoon 4-5 times a day with diarrhea.

Sea buckthorn oil (external). The affected areas of the skin are cleaned of dead tissues, oil is applied to them with a pipette and covered with a cotton-gauze bandage, which is replaced every other day. With various skin lesions. A cotton swab moistened with sea buckthorn oil is inserted into the vagina for 12-14 hours after previous douching. The course of treatment is 2-3 weeks. With erosion of the cervix.

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