Chernogolovka ordinary

Common blackhead (Prunella vulgaris L.)

Chernogolovka ordinary – a small plant representing the family Lamiaceae (Labiatae). Other names: gourd, brunelka


Usually a small plant with a simple, sometimes branched, pubescent stem, 10-35 cm tall. Leaves are spaced, oblong-ovate, with an obtuse or obtuse apex, wedge-shaped narrowed at the base, almost entire, 2-6 cm long, petiolate. The leaves of the upper pair are sessile, supporting the inflorescences. The inflorescence is dense, oval or cylindrical, formed by medium-sized purple or dark blue-violet flowers. Chernogolovka blooms in June-September. It grows in meadows, in shrubs, in glades and edges, along roads, near rivers and ditches, along boundaries and fallows.

Contains active substances:

Contains tannins, bitter substance, resin, essential oil, triterpene saponins.

Medicinal use:

Use an aqueous decoction of the whole plant or aerial parts during flowering. They drink a decoction and gargle with it in case of hyperthyroidism and diphtheria, sore throat, cover the throat with steamed grass, drink a decoction for inflammation of the upper respiratory tract, throat tuberculosis, cough, stomach pain, goiter, bloody diarrhea, heart disease, epilepsy. In homeopathy and folk medicine of the West used in diseases of the throat, in Chinese medicine for skin tuberculosis and goiter.

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