Bladder drift

Bladder drift Cystic drift is a condition accompanied by proliferation of trophoblast (the outer layer of embryonic cells involved in the implantation of the embryo into the uterine wall and the formation of the placenta), which fills the uterine cavity. The clinical picture of hydatidiform mole gives the impression of a normally progressing pregnancy. Vesicular drift can be […]

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Pelvic inflammatory disease

disease Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) infection endometritis Salpingitis Oophoritis Myometritis Pelvioperitonitis. Frequency 1-2% of sexually active women In Russia every year, more than half of the women who go to antenatal clinics are diagnosed with PID; 50% of them will need hospital treatment. The predominant age is 16-25 years. Etiology Sexually transmitted diseases Intra-uterine devices (IUD) PID –

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Mixed connective tissue disease

Mixed connective tissue disease Mixed connective tissue disease (MCTD) is an overlapping syndrome with clinical signs of SLE, systemic scleroderma (SSD), and polymyositis. The predominant sex is female (8:1). Etiopathogenesis Constantly high titers of AT to nuclear ribonucleoproteins Polyclonal hypergammaglobulinemia T-suppressor defect Presence of circulating immune complexes Deposition of IgG, IgM and complement components in the

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Tartar, plaque on the teeth

Tartar is a hardened mass that forms on the plane of the teeth, i.e. lime deposits on the teeth. Despite the fact that the lime is white, the tartar is quite dark. This is due to the fact that its composition includes food debris, dead cells, bacteria, salts of phosphorus, iron and calcium. The beginning of the formation of tartar

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hare lip

Cleft lip – upper lip cleft occurs in one in 2500 newborns. It can be bilateral or unilateral. In the latter case, more often on the left than on the right. Bilateral cleft of the upper lip is not often accompanied by an forward protruding premaxillary process of the upper jaw. Given the individual characteristics of each case, a

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blurred vision

Blurred vision is a functional disorder without organic vascular damage. The reasons It may be a manifestation of increased intraocular pressure (glaucoma), spasm of retinal vessels, clouding in the refractive media of the eye – the lens and vitreous body. Spasm of the central retinal artery or its branches may be the result of hypertension, frequent migraine

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congested optic disc

A congestive optic disc is a non-inflammatory edema. It is a sign of increased intracranial pressure, but does not indicate its cause. With a long existence, stagnation of the optic nerve can turn into atrophy of the optic nerve. The reasons The causes of increased intracranial pressure are: tumors in the cranial cavity cerebral edema inflammation of the

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Constipation is chronic and episodic (situational). Episodic constipation occurs mainly in people prone to constipation under certain conditions. Episodic constipation often occurs in tourists, pregnant women, and people taking certain medications. Constipation can also occur as a result of the use of certain foods, mental overload, depression and other emotional factors. Such constipation is not considered a disease. Constipation

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Stuttering is a speech disorder characterized by stuttering when pronouncing the first sound of a word or discontinuity in the speech flow. This disorder does not include those hitches and disruptions in the rhythm of speech that are possible in normal speakers. The main differences are in the feeling of muscle tension in a stutterer, loss of control

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Urinary retention

Urinary retention – may be due to various diseases of the genitourinary system, in which the lumen of the urethra closes (prostate adenoma, tumors, urolithiasis, etc.). Urinary retention can also occur as a result of damage to the central nervous system, as well as inflammatory processes in the perineum and rectum, with injuries of the pelvic bones

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