Climacteric disorders (menopause)

The clinical picture of menopause is very diverse. Initially, various vascular disorders are traditionally detected, manifested by rushes of blood to the head and upper half of the body due to a sudden short-term expansion of blood vessels. During the tide, the face, neck, and chest turn red sharply, and the temperature of the hyperemic areas rises. In […]

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Tick-borne encephalitis

Tick-borne encephalitis is an acute infectious disease characterized by fever, intoxication, and damage to the nervous system, leading to the development of paralysis. The causative agent of the disease is a virus that can survive for a long time at low temperatures and in a dried state. But the virus quickly loses activity at room temperature, and

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Claurosis of the vulva

Claurosis of the vulva is a precancerous disease of the external genital organs, which is expressed in dystrophic, atrophic and sclerotic changes in their skin. Not often associated with leukoplakia. Usually kraurosis occurs in women during menopause or postmenopause. Symptoms and course Complaints of itching and dryness of the skin of the external genital organs. Severe atrophy of

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Kyphosis (ancient Greek κύφος bent, hunchbacked) – in general cases, it is a curvature of the upper spine. It can be both acquired and hereditary. Symptoms Kyphosis, which occurs in the thoracic spine, is clinically manifested in the form of a “round back” syndrome (stoop; in more complex cases, hunchback). In this position, the patient’s shoulders are tilted

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ovarian cystoma

Ovarian cystoma is a proliferating epithelial benign tumor. There are two main types of cystomas – serous and mucinous. With serous cystomas, malignancy is observed in 10-15%, with mucinous cystomas – in 3-5% of cases. Symptoms and course The development of cysts is asymptomatic. Sometimes patients complain of abdominal pain. Menstrual function is not disturbed. At gynecological examination,

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Jaw cyst

Jaw cyst is a cavity formation in the jaw that occurs with pathology of the teeth. Coated and filled with a yellowish liquid containing cholesterol crystals. The reasons The root cyst develops from epithelial elements under the influence of irritating effects of inflammation in the periodontium. The origin of the follicular cyst is associated with the racemose degeneration

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Tooth cyst

A tooth cyst traditionally occurs as a complication of a tooth disease, as a result of which a chronic inflammatory process develops at the top of the tooth root with the formation of a cyst. In more rare cases, it arises from the shell of the follicle surrounding the crown of the tooth, in violation of the

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Cyst of the maxillary (maxillary) sinus

Very often in chronic sinusitis, there is a formation in the sinuses, called the cyst of the maxillary ( maxillary ) sinuses . Cysts of the maxillary sinuses are one of the most common diseases in otorhinolaryngological practice. A cyst is a formation with thin and elastic walls, which is filled from the inside with fluid. The size and location of cysts in the

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Keratoma – a benign neoplasm of the skin, characterized by the growth of the epidermis with excessive keratinization; regarded as precancerous. Senile keratoma (k. senile; syn. senile wart, seborrheic keratoma, keratopapilloma) – a keratoma in the form of a plaque or node, covered with hard brown scales, sharply demarcated from the surrounding skin; occurs predominantly in the elderly. Laser

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Keratoconus is a chronic progressive disease that gradually leads to thinning of the cornea. This happens as a result of the weakening of the connection between its middle layers. As a result, the cornea is deformed under the action of intraocular pressure, astigmatism and myopia develop, vision deteriorates. With pronounced changes, the cornea acquires a conical shape, hence the

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