Cervical cancer

Cervical cancer Cervical cancer is an invasive process that traditionally begins at the junction of stratified squamous epithelium into a single-layer cylindrical epithelium and is represented by either stratified squamous or glandular epithelium. Cervical cancer is one of the leading causes of death from cancer, despite a 50% decrease in the incidence of this disease over the […]

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Oropharyngeal cancer

Oropharyngeal cancer Anatomy The nasopharynx passes into the oropharynx at the level of the palate The oropharynx is bounded in front by the free edge of the soft palate, below by the epiglottis; in front – anterior palatine arch The oropharynx includes the soft palate, tonsils of the pharynx, the posterior and lateral walls of the

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prostate cancer

prostate cancer Morbidity. prostate cancer etiology. It is believed that prostate cancer is caused by endocrine regulation disorders in the genital area (see Appendix 2. Hereditary diseases: mapped phenotypes). Pathological anatomy. Almost all prostate cancers are adenocarcinomas (small acinar, large acinar, cribriform, solid trabecular). Transitional and squamous cell carcinomas are less common. According to Gleison prognostic criteria, 6 degrees (from

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kidney cancer

kidney cancer Epidemiology. Tumors of the kidney in adults are found relatively infrequently, accounting for 2-3% of all neoplasms. The predominant age of patients is 55-60 years. Men suffer from kidney cancer 2 times The etiology of kidney tumors is not well understood. The appearance of atypical cells is promoted by chemical pollution of the environment, smoking, the use

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Esophageal carcinoma

Esophageal carcinoma The frequency is 5-7% among all diseases with malignant tumors. More often (75%) men are ill. Risk factors Smoking (increases the risk of developing the disease by 2-4 times) Alcohol abuse (12 times) geographic factors. The incidence of carcinomas is 400 times higher in some parts of China and Iran, which is believed to be due

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Cancer of the colon and rectum

Cancer of the colon and rectum Frequency Cancer of the colon and rectum is one of the most common forms of malignant human tumors. In the bulk of European countries and in Russia, these carcinomas in total take 6th place in the aftermath of cancer of the stomach, lung, breast, female genital organs and tends

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Mammary cancer

Mammary cancer The incidence of breast cancer has increased significantly over the past 10 years: the disease occurs in 1 out of 9 women. The most common localization is the upper outer quadrant. Genetic Aspects Only in 20% of cases there is an appropriate family history; inheritance pattern autosomal dominant (maternal) Families with genes of predisposition to

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Lung cancer

Lung cancer Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer mortality in men and second only to breast cancer in women. Frequency 175,000 new cases per year 70 cases per 100,000 population The predominant age is 50-70 years The predominant gender is male. Risk factors Smoking. There is a direct relationship between smoking and the incidence of

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Skin cancer

Skin cancer Skin cancer usually occurs in exposed areas of the body; characterized by slow growth, late and rare metastasis. The main forms are squamous and basal cell (basal cell) carcinomas. Basalioma is found in 60% of cases of skin cancer, squamous cell carcinoma – in 30%. Early treatment is effective. Basal cell carcinoma is a common skin tumor (often

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Stomach cancer

Stomach cancer Approximately 90-95% of gastric tumors are malignant, and of all malignant tumors, 95% are carcinomas. Stomach cancer ranks second in terms of morbidity and mortality. Frequency. Previously, gastric carcinoma was considered the most common form of malignant diseases of the stomach; currently, the incidence has decreased in the United States. However, the incidence remains high in Eastern

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