labyrinthitis Labyrinthitis is a group of inflammatory diseases of the inner ear, characterized by limited or diffuse damage to the peripheral parts of the auditory and vestibular testers. Etiology All types of microbial flora found in the middle ear cavity in its acute and chronic purulent inflammation Weakening of the body’s reactivity. Pathogenesis In acute otitis […]

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lumbago (shot)

Lumbago is a sharp pain (lumbago) in the lower back (lower back), regardless of the causes of its occurrence and the nature of the manifestation. The main causes of lumbago are overexertion of the lumbar region, lumbar hernia, displacement of the vertebrae or congenital anomalies of the vertebrae. The causes of severe sudden lumbago, which can

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False allergy (pseudo-allergy)

In addition to true allergic reactions to antigens (allergens), there is a so-calledfalse allergy (pseudo-allergy) . Pseudo-allergic reactions occur without the participation of antibodies, so many allergy tests are negative. Histamine and other mediators involved in the implementation of pseudo-allergic reactions are the same as in true allergies – this explains the similarity of the manifestations of allergic and

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False (imaginary) pregnancy

False (imaginary) pregnancy is a pathological condition of a woman that appears with a false idea that she is pregnant. Sometimes it occurs as a result of self-hypnosis in childless women who are eager to have babies, less often in women who are afraid of pregnancy. Symptoms of a false pregnancy Women experiencing a false pregnancy report

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Pubic pediculosis (pubic lice)

Pediculosis pubis is a parasitic skin disease caused by pubic lice. Pubic lice prefer the genital area (pubis, scrotum, perineum), hair within the anus, axillary cavities, since these areas contain a large number of apocrine glands, to which the sense of smell of pubic lice is specifically oriented. Mustaches, eyebrows, eyelashes and head hair in babies are less

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This type of disease, like lichen (Lichen), has been known to mankind since the time of Hippocrates. This concept combines skin diseases (dermatoses) with characteristic formations in the form of colored spots, skin itching and peeling. The word “lichen” is a rather conditional term, since eczema is also popularly called weeping lichen, and psoriasis is scaly. However,

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Lassa fever

Lassa fever is an acute viral disease from the group of zoonoses with natural foci. It is characterized by a severe course, high mortality, hemorrhagic syndrome, ulcerative pharyngitis, damage to the respiratory system, kidneys, central nervous system, myocarditis. Etiology, pathogenesis of Lassa fever    The causative agent belongs to adenoviruses. The reservoir of infection in nature is the

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Q fever

Q fever is an acute rickettsial disease characterized by general intoxication, fever, and frequent lung involvement. Refers to zoonoses. Infection is likely to be transmissible, contact, alimentary and airborne. Etiology, pathogenesis . The causative agent is Burnet’s rickettsia. Stable in the external environment. It is not inactivated during drying, it is stored in dairy products after pasteurization. The gateway of infection is often

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Breast lipoma

Lipoma is a benign tumor originating from adipose tissue. Lipomas are found almost anywhere where there is adipose tissue. Most often, lipomas appear in the subcutaneous fat. Rarely, lipomas appear in the mammary gland. Why does a lipoma occur? The cause of lipoma is unknown. How dangerous is breast lipoma? Lipoma is not dangerous. Lipomas in the subcutaneous fat

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Lymphadenitis is inflammation of the lymph nodes. The disease is secondary, arising in connection with the presence of an inflammatory process in a particular area of ​​the body. Very rarely observed primary purulent inflammation of the lymph nodes. It is caused by streptococci and other pathogenic microbes, but more often the flora is mixed. Lymphadenitis occurs when microorganisms, their toxins

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