hyperactive child syndrome

hyperactive child syndrome Hyperactive Child Syndrome is a disorder characterized by lack of attention, impulsivity and hyperactivity. Manifested by poor performance at school, problems in relationships with peers, frequent conflicts with parents. Frequency. Observed in 3-5% of children of school age, in boys – 5 times more often. Etiology hereditary predisposition Immaturity of the nervous system Disorders of […]

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Guillain-Barré Syndrome

Guillain-Barré Syndrome Guillain-Barré syndrome is a post-infectious demyelinating polyneuropathy, the most common demyelinating lesion. It is characterized by peripheral paralysis of the muscles of the extremities and protein-cell dissociation in the CSF while maintaining superficial sensitivity. May have an ascending character involving the muscles of the face, pharynx, larynx (Landry’s ascending palsy). Frequency – 0.6-1.9 cases per 100,000 population. The

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Hepatorenal syndrome

Hepatorenal syndrome Hepatorenal syndrome is an acute progressive decrease in renal blood flow and functional glomerular filtration rate due to a sharp vasospasm of the cortical layer of the kidneys. Occurs in the terminal stage of liver cirrhosis, severe infectious hepatitis, operations on the liver and biliary tract in the absence of other causes of renal failure.

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Hepatolienal syndrome

Hepatolienal syndrome Hepatolienal syndrome is a combined enlargement of the liver and spleen. The reasons Acute and chronic diffuse liver damage (90% of cases) Congenital and acquired damage to the vessels of the portal vein system Chronic infections and parasitic diseases Metabolic diseases Systemic blood diseases Diseases of the SSS. Clinical picture Enlargement of the liver

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Hemolytic uremic syndrome

Hemolytic uremic syndrome Hemolytic-uremic syndrome is a pathology of the kidneys that occurs with hemolytic anemia, thrombocytopenia and acute renal failure. They are observed mainly in babies, pregnant women and women in the postpartum period. Etiopathogenesis Infections (most likely Escherichia co//, 0157:H7). Endotoxemia triggers DIC with deposition of fibrin in the glomeruli and the development of acute renal

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sluggish baby syndrome

sluggish baby syndrome In 1911, Oppenheim gave a description of the symptom complex of congenital amyotonia, meaning by this name the characteristic appearance of a child (primarily amimia, muscle flaccidity) in congenital myopathies. Later, a number of diseases of the central nervous system and the neuromuscular system, accompanied by hypotension and muscle weakness, were gradually included

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wolf-parkinson-white syndrome

wolf-parkinson-white syndrome Wolf-Shrkinson-White Syndrome (WPU)– a syndrome characterized by premature contraction (antesystole) of one of the ventricles (shortening of the PQ interval to 0.1 s or less, widening of the ventricular complex more than 0.11 s, the presence of a D-wave), often with a tendency to develop supraventricular tachycardia, flicker and flutter atrial, due to

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Sudden Infant Death Syndrome

Sudden Infant Death Syndrome Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS)– Sudden death of a child under 1 year of age, which remained unexplained after a full investigation of the case, including an autopsy, a test of the circumstances of death and the clinical history of the disease. One of the most common causes of the syndrome is

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temporomandibular joint syndrome

temporomandibular joint syndrome Temporomandibular joint syndrome is a symptom complex that manifests itself as pain on palpation of the chewing muscles, crackling during movements in the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) and / or pain above it with limited mobility of the lower jaw. The predominant age is 30-50 years. The predominant gender is female (3:1). Etiology Synovitis TMJ TMJ

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Wiskott-Oadrich syndrome

Wiskott-Oadrich syndrome Wyscott-Aldrich syndrome is a genetic disease that is clinically manifested by eczema, thrombocytopenia, diarrhea with blood in the feces, and reduced resistance to infections due to impaired T and B lymphocyte function. Pathomorphology Multiple thrombosis of small arterioles of the kidneys, lungs, pancreas Hyperplasia of the spleen, lymph nodes Inflammatory processes in the skin. Frequency

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