Yaws Yaws is a tropical spirochetosis characterized by damage to the skin, bones and joints, internal organs are not affected. Etiology. The causative agent is Treponema pertenue, the Spirochaetaceae family. Epidemiology. The disease is recorded in all tropical regions, especially in Equatorial Africa, South America, southern Asia and the islands of Oceania. The main route of transmission is contact […]

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Photodermatitis Photodermatitis is polyetiological dermatoses induced by solar radiation. Classification and etiology Phototoxic dermatitis occurs under the influence of the ultraviolet part of solar radiation. effects on the skin, more often as a result of exposure directly to it of certain substances (the juice of certain plants [hogweed, dill, parsley], drugs [tar and its derivatives, sulfonamides],

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Fibromyoma of the uterus

uterus Uterine fibromyoma (FM) is a limited benign tumor consisting of smooth muscle and fibrous connective tissue elements. The tumor can be single, but more often, multiple nodes (sometimes up to 10 or more) are detected. Frequency. They are detected in 4-11% of all women, in 20% of women over 30 years old and in 40% of women

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Fibromyalgia Fibromyalgia is a rheumatic disease characterized by generalized muscle weakness (feeling tired) and tenderness on palpation of characteristic areas of the body, referred to as tender points. Frequency – 3% of the adult population. The predominant age is 30-50 years. The predominant sex is female (5-10:1). Pathogenesis. The nature of pathological changes in the muscles remains unclear. Discussed Mechanisms Exposure to

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Pheochromocytoma Pheochromocytoma is a benign or malignant tumor consisting of chromaffin cells that synthesize catecholamines. Chromaffin cells are localized predominantly in the adrenal medulla (90% of cases), but they are also found in the sympathetic ganglia, paraganglia, and other organs. The cells of the adrenal medulla produce adrenaline and norepinephrine; Chromaffin cells located outside the adrenal glands synthesize only

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Phenylketonuria (PKU)– a congenital disease caused by a violation of the transition of phenylalanine to tyrosine and leading to mental retardation. Frequency. Significant ethnic and geographical differences in the frequency of different mutations in the most common classical PKU have been revealed. The frequency of classical PKU varies – 1:4,500 in Ireland, 1:8,000 in the white population of

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Fastiolopsidosis Fastiolopsidosis– helminthiasis (trematodosis), clinical manifestations are due to mechanical damage to tissues and intoxication with parasite metabolites. Etiology. The causative agent is a flat worm trematode (fluke) Fasdolopsis buski. Adults are tongue-shaped, 15-50 mm long and 8.5-20 mm wide, red-orange in color. Eggs 0.13-0.14 × 0.08-0.095 mm, oval with a clearly visible lid. Epidemiology. The helminth parasitizes in the body

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Pharyngitis chronic

Pharyngitis chronic Chronic pharyngitis (CP) is a chronic inflammation of the pharyngeal mucosa that develops as a result of acute inflammation with inadequate treatment and unresolved etiological factors. Classification by pathomorphological changes Catarrhal CP (simple) – persistent diffuse venous hyperemia, mucosal edema, dilation and stasis of small veins, dilation of excretory ducts and hypersecretion of mucous

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Acute pharyngitis

Acute pharyngitis Acute pharyngitis (AF) is an acute diffuse inflammation of the pharyngeal mucosa, sometimes occurring as an independent disease, but more often associated with catarrhal inflammation of the upper respiratory tract. Distinguish between bacterial and viral OP. Etiology Bacterial OF (30%) B-hemolytic streptococcus group A Neisseria gonorrhoeae Corynebacterium diphtheriae haemophilus influenzae Moraxella (Branhametla) catarrhalis Rarely –

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Furuncle, furunculosis– acute purulent-necrotic inflammation of the hair follicle (follicle) and the associated sebaceous gland with its surrounding fiber, caused by a pyogenic microbe – staphylococcus aureus. The development of a boil is promoted by constant contamination of the skin and friction with clothing, skin irritation with chemicals, wounds, scratching and other microtraumas, as well as

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