Eustachitis is a disease of the auditory (Eustachian) tube. It is inextricably linked with the pathology of the tympanic cavity, therefore, terms that combine both diseases are not often used: “salpingo-otitis” or “tubo-otitis”. The reasons The cause of acute eustachitis is often a disorder of the functions of the auditory tube, expressed to varying degrees, leading to […]

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Escherichiosis Escherichiosis– a group of infectious diseases caused by opportunistic or pathogenic serotypes of Escherichia coli, occurring with intoxication, fever, a predominant lesion of the gastrointestinal tract, less often – urinary, biliary tract, other organs or with the development of sepsis, are observed more often in young children. Etiology and pathogenesis. Most infections are caused by Escherichia

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Echinococcosis of the liver

Echinococcosis of the liver Echinococcosis– helminthic invasion, proceeding with the development of echinococcal cysts in various organs. Etiology. The causative agent is a flatworm (cestode) Echinococcus granulosus of the Plathelminthes type. Epidemiology. Infection occurs when personal hygiene rules are not observed (eating food contaminated with parasite eggs or putting them into the mouth with dirty hands) and contact

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Etiology • The causative agents are human immunodeficiency viruses (HIV) of the Retrovirus genus of the Lentivirinae subfamily of the Retroviridae family. HIV die at 56°C within 30 minutes, but are resistant to low temperatures; quickly die under the influence of ethanol, ether, acetone and conventional disinfectants. In blood and other biological media, under normal conditions, they remain viable

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erythroderma Erythroderma is a general term referring to many skin lesions (including erythroderma, a variant of T-cell lymphoma); characterized by generalized reddening of the skin with pronounced large-lamellar peeling. Frequency – 1% of all hospitalizations for skin diseases, more often men (2: 1) over 40 years of age get sick. Etiology and risk factors Toxicodermia Lymphomas contact dermatitis Atonic

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Fetal erythroblastosis

Fetal erythroblastosis (EP) is a hemolytic anemia of the fetus and newborn, resulting from transplacental transmission of maternal antibodies against the background of maternal and fetal blood incompatibility according to the Rh factor (80-85% of cases) or according to the blood groups of the ABO system (15-20% of cases) and rare blood factors. The term erythroblastosis is

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Erythema nodosum

Erythema nodosum Erythema nodosum – dermatosis of unknown etiology, characterized by damage to the vessels of the skin; manifested by the appearance in the dermis or subcutaneous tissue on the legs and thighs of dense painful nodes. Women aged 20-30 are most often affected. Genetic aspects. Inherited form (MIM 132990.91, erythema nodosum familial). Risk factors Infectious diseases Deep mycoses Sarcoidosis Taking

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Erythema multiforme exudative

Erythema multiforme exudative Erythema multiforme exudative is an acutely developing disease characterized by the appearance of erythematous spots, bullous lesions of the skin, mucous membranes, and a cyclic relapsing course. Frequency – 0.3-0.5: 100,000 population / year, severe forms are noted 2-3 times more often in men. Classification The infectious-allergic (idiopathic) form is associated with hyperreactivity to

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Erythema annulare centrifugal Darya

Erythema annulare centrifugal Darya Darier’s annular centrifugal erythema is an erythematous skin disease with a relapsing course. The disease is more common in middle-aged men. Clinical picture The appearance on the skin of the trunk, extremities of numerous coin-like non-scaly edematous spots of pinkish-reddish color, prone to eccentric growth, merging with the formation of bizarre polycyclic figures,

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epispadias Epispadias is a malformation of the urethra, characterized by the absence of more or less of its upper wall. Often combined with other malformations: cryptorchidism, testicular and prostate hypoplasia, anomalies of the upper urinary tract. Frequency – 1/50,000 newborns. Etiology Abnormal development of the urogenital sinus, genital tubercle, and urogenital membrane As a result of the displacement

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