Infantile cerebral palsy (CP)

The phrase “infantile cerebral palsy” (ICP) is understood as a group of disorders of the motor functions of the brain that appeared as a result of its damage in infancy. These disorders are not progressive, ie. are found from the very birth of the baby and exist throughout life. Motor disorders are traditionally represented by weakness in a […]

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Dermoid cysts (mature teratomas)

Dermoid cysts (mature teratomas) are benign tumors consisting of various body tissues in the stage of complete differentiation (skin, adipose tissue, hair, nervous tissue, bones, teeth), enclosed in a mucus-like mass, and covered with a dense thick-walled capsule. The tumor is traditionally unilateral, grows slowly, does not reach large sizes. It is found, as a rule, in young

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Dermatomyositis is a systemic disease of skeletal and smooth muscles and skin. The presumed root cause of the disease is viral (Coxsackie B2 virus). Provoke the disease cooling, prolonged exposure to the sun, pregnancy, drug intolerance. In 20-30% of cases, dermatomyositis is observed in patients with various tumors. The mechanism of the development of the disease is disturbances in the

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Termdepressionmay refer to an emotion or to a diagnosis. In relation to emotion, the term means depressed mood, despondency. When talking about the diagnosis, it means a syndrome in which depression is one of the symptoms. In psychiatry, the diagnosis of depression is used to refer to a condition in which the patient suffers from low mood, retardation

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Demodex is an iron mite (lat. Demodex folliculorum), which parasitizes in the sebaceous glands and glands of the cartilage of the eyelids, as well as in the hair follicles of humans and mammals. The tick lives in the mouths of the hair follicles, especially in the mouths of the hair follicles of the eyelashes and eyebrows,

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Dementia (frailty)

Dementia (dementia) is a persistent defect or progressive decay of the intellect. It occurs as a result of organic damage to the brain of inflammatory, traumatic, toxic and other genesis. There are residual organic dementia and progressive dementia. Dementia of residual organic origin develops with meningoencephalitis, encephalitis of various etiologies, severe traumatic brain injury, drug and other CNS

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Deviant tendencies

Deviant tendencies are understood as either the presence in the subject of erotic dreams and sexual fantasies (including those accompanying masturbation, viewing pornography, sexual intercourse) of ideas about one’s own participation in deviant behavior, or, associated with sexual arousal or achieving orgasm, a feeling of need for such behaviour. Another form of deviant tendencies is the

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color blindness

Color blindness is a congenital visual impairment, which is expressed in the improbability to distinguish mainly green and red colors. It is linked to the X chromosome. These people perceive color differently and combine basic monochromatic colors in a different way to find the right shade. It is observed mainly in men (8%). In the central part of

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Farsightedness (hypermetropia)

Farsightedness (hypermetropia) is a visual impairment in which a person sees poorly near and fairly well far away. However, with a high degree of farsightedness, the patient may have trouble seeing distant objects. Farsightedness traditionally occurs due to the fact that the eyeball has an irregular shape, it is, as it were, compressed along the longitudinal axis. As

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Dacryocystitis is an inflammation of the lacrimal sac, which is located between the nose and the inner corner of the eyelids. It usually occurs due to obstruction of the nasolacrimal duct, which conducts tear fluid into the nasal cavity. Pathogenic bacteria accumulate in the bag, and inflammation develops. Dacryocystitis can be acute or chronic. Its immediate causes can be congenital

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