Cystitis Cystitis is an inflammation of the bladder. Frequency – 33% of the adult population has had cystitis during their lifetime. The vast majority of cases are women, because the female urethra is shorter and wider than the male and is located close to the anus. Etiology Infection: in 90% of cases – E. coli, as well as Candida […]

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Mucinous ovarian cystadenocarcinoma

Mucinous ovarian cystadenocarcinoma Mucinous adenocarcinomas of the ovary traditionally form cysts. If the cyst contains a mucus-like fluid, such a tumor is called mucinous cystadenocarcinoma (cystadenoid carcinoma, mucinous cystic adenocarcinoma). The cells of mucinous cystic adenocarcinoma are pleomorphic, the glands have a disturbed architectonics. Malignant cells grow into the stroma of the cyst and may spread through the

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Cirrhosis of the liver biliary

Cirrhosis of the liver biliary Primary biliary cirrhosis is a chronic cholestatic granulomatous destructive inflammatory disease of the interlobular and septal bile ducts, presumably due to autoimmune reactions and capable of progressing to cirrhosis or being associated with it. Women 35-60 years old are more often ill. Primary biliary cirrhosis is the outcome of chronic hepatitis and other

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Cirrhosis of the liver

Cirrhosis of the liver Cirrhosis of the liver is a chronic pathology of the liver with the gradual death of hepatocytes, widespread fibrosis and regenerated nodules, gradually replacing the parenchyma; accompanied by insufficiency of hepatocyte functions and a change in the blood flow of the liver, which leads to jaundice, portal hypertension and ascites. The frequency is

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cervicitis Cervicitis is an inflammation of the mucous membrane of the cervix. Infectious cervicitis often occurs with sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). It can be caused by chlamydia (Chlamydia trachomatis), gonococci (Neisseria gonorrhoeae), HSV, trichomonads (Trichomonas vaginalis), less often by other microorganisms. In chronic cervicitis, pathogenic microorganisms are rarely detected. Frequency. Cervicitis is common among sexually active women. Cervicitis with gonorrhea –

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celiac disease

celiac disease Celiac disease is a disease caused by increased susceptibility to gluten, characterized by atrophy of the mucous membrane of the upper small intestine. Frequency. The prevalence of the disease in different regions ranges from 1:300 to 1:2000. Prevailing age: two peaks of incidence – at 1 year and at 30-60 years. Women are diagnosed 10-15 years earlier (early

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Human cytomegalovirus (CMV) belongs to the herpesvirus family. It is the most common causative agent of congenital infections in babies. Infection with cytomegalovirus occurs both in utero and in other ways (sexual, alimentary, airborne). In people with normal immunity, as a rule, there is a long latent course of the disease. Sometimes CMV infection occurs with uncharacteristic symptoms such as

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Cystoadenopapilloma is a benign tumor originating from the ducts of the mammary gland. There are multiple and single (solitary) cystoadenopapillomas. Causes Not clearly established. How is cystadeno-papilloma manifested? The main manifestation is discharge from the nipple – serous (transparent) and bloody discharge. Rarely, with large volumes, the tumor can be palpated. How is the examination carried out?

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Cystitis is an inflammation of the bladder. Cystitis is one of the most common inflammatory diseases of the urinary tract. Mostly women suffer from cystitis. This is due to certain anatomical features of the female body – in women, the urethra is short and wide, and through it the infection enters the bladder much more easily than in men.

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Cirrhosis of the liver

Cirrhosis of the liver is a common disease with a chronic course, caused by progressive damage to the liver with a complete restructuring of its tissue, which leads to a violation of all its functions and the development of chronic liver failure. It develops as a result of viral hepatitis, against the background of chronic alcoholism, sometimes

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